Impact of Gratitude Intervention on Life Satisfaction and Spirituality: Mediation by Meaning in Life and Successful Ageing.

Last registered on December 10, 2020

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Impact of Gratitude Intervention on Life Satisfaction and Spirituality: Mediation by Meaning in Life and Successful Ageing.
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0006859
Initial registration date
December 10, 2020

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
December 10, 2020, 12:29 PM EST

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.

Locations

Region

Primary Investigator

Affiliation
National Institute of Psychology

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
National Institute of Psychology

Additional Trial Information

Status
In development
Start date
2020-12-15
End date
2021-01-14
Secondary IDs
Abstract
The current study aims to explore the Impact of Gratitude Intervention on Life Satisfaction and Spirituality and the Mediating role of Meaning in Life and Successful Ageing in Old age homes of Pakistan. Meaning in Life is associated with a host of positive health outcomes, Studies have revealed that the sense that one is living a worthwhile life appears to be positively linked to just about every aspect of our lives, not just health. Despite these benefits of possessing meaning, this construct can not be directly addressed. However studies have shown a number of indicator that may increase meaning in life.
The present study aims to increase the sense of meaning in life and level of Spirituality by employing gratitude intervention.
Gratitude interventions are associated with a substantial increase in meaning in life directly and indirectly.
The impact of gratitude intervention on meaning in life will results in added benefits of meaning in life particularly on life satisfaction Spirituality and Successful Ageing for the people living in old age homes.
Hence this study is aimed to investigate effectiveness of one single intervention against multiple positive outcomes.
The Following Instruments will be used
1.The Gratitude Questionnaire Six-Item Form (GQ-6): developed by McCullough et al will be used as a measure of gratitude.
2. Meaning in life questionnaire: developed by Michael F. Steger will be used to measure meaning in life,
3. Satisfaction with Life Scale: developed by Diener et al will be used to assess the Life satisfaction
4. Daily Spiritual Experience Scale: Lyn Underwood will be used to measure spirituality
5. Successful Aging Scale: developed by Gary T. Reker will be used to assess Successful Ageing.
All the instruments have sound Psychometric properties and Urdu version of the following scales will be used.
The sample of the study will be old age homes of Pakistan N= 80. 40 participants will be required for experimental group and 40 for the control group. Experimental method will be employed ( Pre- Post control group design). After the Pre-assessment Participants in the experimental group will be required to maintain a gratitude diary for the period of two weeks.
Participants will be required to fill in their gratitude diary through an online platform.
Participants will be given the same instructions used by Emmons and McCullough (2003): “There are many things in our lives, both large and small, that we might be grateful about. Think back over the day and write down on the lines below all that you are grateful for today.”

The Study provides implication for the well-being of people, groups, organizations, and society, and personal and global well-being and particularly the Late adults living in old age homes. The findings offer potential value to practicing counselors and psychologists. Since gratitude seems to significantly predict life satisfaction, through the mediating impact of presence of meaning in life, counselors are encouraged to develop contextually-sensitive interventions and programs that integrate gratitude as a core component. The Current study offers some theoretical and practical contributions in the literature.


External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Ali, Haider and Jamil Malik. 2020. "Impact of Gratitude Intervention on Life Satisfaction and Spirituality: Mediation by Meaning in Life and Successful Ageing.." AEA RCT Registry. December 10. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.6859
Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
Gratitude Intervention will be used, People who have engaged in gratitude interventions report increased Happiness, Sleep quality, Meaningfulness, social connectedness, Life Satisfaction, Satisfaction with school They also report decreased anger, stress, worry,
depression, negative affect, and anxiety. Gratitude interventions are associated with a substantial increase in meaning in life directly and indirectly. After the Pre-assessment Participants in the experimental group will be required to maintain a gratitude diary for the period of two weeks. Participants will be required to fill in their gratitude diary through an online platform. Participants will be given the same instructions used by Emmons and McCullough (2003): “There are many things in our lives, both large and small, that we might be grateful about. Think back over the day and write down on the lines below all that you are grateful for today.”

Intervention Start Date
2021-01-01
Intervention End Date
2021-01-14

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Life Satisfaction, Meaning in Life, Level of Spirituality, Successful Ageing.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Pre- Post experimental design will be used.
Groups
Experimental O X O
Control O O
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Randomization will be done in office by a computer.
Randomization Unit
Old Age Homes
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
10 Old age Homes
Sample size: planned number of observations
80
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
10 Old age homes.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Institutional Review Board of National Institute of Psychology
IRB Approval Date
2020-11-07
IRB Approval Number
32-IRB-NIP-2020

Post-Trial

Post Trial Information

Study Withdrawal

There are documents in this trial unavailable to the public. Use the button below to request access to this information.

Request Information

Intervention

Is the intervention completed?
No
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?
No

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials