Fairness Preferences and University Admission

Last registered on January 11, 2021

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Fairness Preferences and University Admission
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0006994
Initial registration date
January 11, 2021

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
January 11, 2021, 6:54 AM EST

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.

Locations

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Primary Investigator

Affiliation
WZB Berlin Social Science Center

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
WZB Berlin Social Science Center

Additional Trial Information

Status
In development
Start date
2021-01-13
End date
2023-06-01
Secondary IDs
Abstract
In this project, we investigate fairness preferences in the field. In particular, we analyze how fairness preferences are formed and whether they are influenced by real-life events. We analyze the admission process for medical studies, one of the most prestigious study fields in Germany. We also analyze whether making one's own outcome of the admission process salient leads to a divergence of preferences and beliefs, and whether providing balanced information about the process is a remedy against this potential divergence.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Kübler, Dorothea and Robert Stüber. 2021. "Fairness Preferences and University Admission." AEA RCT Registry. January 11. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.6994
Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
We consider three experimental treatment conditions with which we investigate whether admitted and non-admitted applicants for a study place in the medical fields differ in their beliefs and preferences, whether making one's own outcome of the admission process salient leads to a divergence of preferences and beliefs, and whether providing balanced information about the process is a remedy against this potential divergence.
Intervention Start Date
2021-01-13
Intervention End Date
2022-12-31

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
- Belief about dropout rate of students for medicine and related fields
- Belief about the satisfaction of the general public with physicians
- Willingness to support a petition against current admission process: self-reported willingness to signing petition, clicking on link that leads to petition, actual signing of petition
- Donation decision: share donated to a state account and a non-governmental organization
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
We construct our main outcomes by deriving for each outcome the difference between admitted and non-admitted applicants.

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
- Perception that the current admission process is fair (survey question)
- Perception that the current admission process selects suitable candidates (survey question)
- Self-reported trust in authorities, universities, and the federal government (survey questions)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
As a summary measure for a participant's reported trust in institutions we construct a linear index using the reported trust in authorities, universities, and the federal government.

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
We conduct lab in the field (online) experiments with individuals who apply for a study place in medicine and related fields. We use experimental designs to elicit individual beliefs and preferences about the admission process and fairness more generally.


Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
The randomization is done by a computer.
Randomization Unit
The randomization unit is the individual.
Was the treatment clustered?
No

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
About 1200 clusters.
Sample size: planned number of observations
About 1200 individuals
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
About 400 individuals in each treatment.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
WZB Research Ethics Committee
IRB Approval Date
2020-11-26
IRB Approval Number
2019/5/84
Analysis Plan

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