The final study will be carried out in different degrees in which the researchers of said article teach classes at the URJC. To do this, students will be divided into two groups, a first treatment group and a second control group. Both groups must sign a form that guarantees the voluntariness of belonging to the random experiment and in which they will be informed concisely about the experiment carried out, guaranteeing the privacy at all times of the personal data of the student under study.
The experiment will be carried out for a minimum period of one year, following the evolution of the students throughout the course in one of the main universities in Spain. The students of the control group will only receive information about their own performance in absolute terms in each test carried out, while the students of the treatment group, along with the grade, will be provided with the percentile range in which they are with respect to to the class. In addition, once the final exams have been completed, the students will answer a survey about their satisfaction with the course and their possible academic improvement by knowing their relative position with respect to the class. Finally, An important characteristic of the study is that a questionnaire was carried out at the beginning of the course to learn more about the sample and, above all, the previous beliefs of the students, which will allow us to understand the treatment that affects the performance and satisfaction of students. the students. This questionnaire is for informational purposes only and is therefore anonymous.
Once the study is finished, it is intended to demonstrate two issues to understand the effects of providing feedback to students. A first question focuses on whether students who know their percentage rank with respect to the class seek to maximize their own results, or whether they are also concerned about their relative position competitively. This may be because relative performance translates into different outcomes or individuals are inherently concerned with relative position in performance. The second question considers that the prior beliefs of individuals regarding their abilities and those of their peers will help to understand if, in the absence of information, it is possible to overestimate their relative position. In a context where individuals have competitive preferences,