Apprendre à Aimer la Mondialisation ? French, Agni, and Attitudes About Globalization in Africa

Last registered on January 09, 2023


Trial Information

General Information

Apprendre à Aimer la Mondialisation ? French, Agni, and Attitudes About Globalization in Africa
Initial registration date
January 09, 2023

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
January 09, 2023, 5:08 PM EST

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.



Primary Investigator

Bucknell University

Other Primary Investigator(s)

Additional Trial Information

In development
Start date
End date
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
Nelson Mandela said, “If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his own language, that goes to his heart.” Whether Mandela had in mind specifically the language of an oppressor (e.g., Afrikaans) or something more general is perhaps less important than the broader idea that language matters for political, economic, and other matters. Language shapes how people see the world. With globalization, languages have spread all over the world and several of them have become dominant like English. Across the developing world, many people today speak several languages including colonial languages, like French in West Africa, as well as their own indigenous languages. Does language influence their views of the world? If they are spoken to in the language of the colonizer versus their own indigenous language do they have different views of their world? In this analysis, we consider this question focusing on views of globalization. As a process that has been pushed by former colonial powers, and/or dominant western powers like the U.S., it is conceivable that people will react to globalization differently than when asked in their own language. In general, we hypothesize that when presented in French people will be more supportive of globalization compared to when asked the same questions in a local African language. French represents the global while an African language like Agni represents the local and people are likely to be affected accordingly in terms of how they view globalization. We do acknowledge the possibility that French will cause a backlash against globalization but our working hypothesis is in the other direction or in favor of globalization. To our claim, we will conduct a survey experiment in Côte d’Ivoire amongst an Akan group in the southeastern part of the country known as the Agni. In Côte d’Ivoire, the Agni are a major Akan group and serve as a good way to test this claim as their language is still widely spoken amongst themselves as well as other Akans and even non-Akan groups. Building on existing research in international political economy, we have five questions on globalization including trade, investment, and immigration, and we have two versions of the survey one in French and the other in Agni. We will sample in Aboisso which is a city known to be dominated by the Agni. The surveys will be randomly assigned either in French or Agni to respondents.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Doces, John. 2023. "Apprendre à Aimer la Mondialisation ? French, Agni, and Attitudes About Globalization in Africa ." AEA RCT Registry. January 09.
Experimental Details


The intervention will be the language of the survey either French or Agni.
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Several outcomes including views of globalization and if it is beneficial for the country; if international trade and imports from China should be limited; if foreign investors should be allowed to build factories in Cote d'Ivoire; their views on immigrants; their wellbeing/happiness.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Experiment is a survey experiment that will be conducted in the field. Respondents will be randomly assigned a survey that is in one of two languages.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Surveys will be randomly ordered using a computer to generate randomized ordering.
Randomization Unit
Individual is the unit of randomization.
Was the treatment clustered?

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
In this case the individual is the cluster so there will be 400.
Sample size: planned number of observations
There will a total of 400 observations or 400 individual respondents.
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
There will be 200 individuals per treatment.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
None conducted but based on prior research we note that in a similar study comparing Dioula and French that for the question of wellbeing we need a total sample of 352 at power equal to 80%. Using this as a guide, we are opting in this case to collect a total of 400 observations.

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Bucknell University Institutional Review Board
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number


Post Trial Information

Study Withdrawal

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Is the intervention completed?
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials