Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Following, Attanasio et.al (2019), school readiness is measured using the International Development and Early Learning Assessment (IDELA) toolkit prepared by save the children proposed by Pisani et.al (2015). This measure of school readiness is composed of 5 domains: numeracy, literacy, fine motor skills, executive functioning, and socio-emotional skills. The school readiness score is computed by counting the average percentage of right scores over all indicators of a domain.
In terms of the capacity of the ECD workforce to use play-based approaches, the intervention will include in-service teacher training on the use of play approaches developed for the targeted schools. In order to assess the performance of ECD educators, an evaluation tool for teachers will be used. This evaluation focuses on various relevant aspects of their teaching practices. It includes indicators of pedagogical expertise in the content of the ECD curriculum; the ability of teachers to establish a safe, inclusive, and respectful play-based learning environment for a diverse population of students; and teachers’ ability to plan and deliver effective instruction and create an environment that facilitates learning through play for their students. In principle, the evaluation of teachers will follow standard teacher evaluation tools focused on three areas: planning and preparation, classroom environment and instruction.
The improvement in learning and teacher capacity is expected to improve enrolment in public ECDs. Teachers' outcomes include knowledge of ECD, hours spend in the classroom and preparing activities, and classroom practices (responding to students). We will adapt the instruments proposed by Wolf et. al (2017) to assess the capacity of the teachers. Once the performance is assessed, feedback will be given to the teachers. This shall be the mechanism through which the teacher intervention will improve teacher performance. Some secondary outcomes such as improvement of the home environment, and health outcomes, among others, will also be of interest.