Gender Discrimination in Economic Decision-making: Behavioral Evidence from India

Last registered on March 04, 2016

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Gender Discrimination in Economic Decision-making: Behavioral Evidence from India
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0001100
Initial registration date
March 04, 2016

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
March 04, 2016, 1:25 PM EST

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.

Locations

Primary Investigator

Affiliation
Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva

Other Primary Investigator(s)

Additional Trial Information

Status
In development
Start date
2016-03-05
End date
2016-03-16
Secondary IDs
Abstract
Discriminatory beliefs and practices against women within households and local communities are usually cited as a prominent reason for high levels of gender inequality prevalent in contemporary Indian society. While the presence and implications of discrimination against women and other minority groups in India has been extensively documented in the social science literature, there is a paucity of experimental evidence from the field. Within development economics, gender inequality is considered to be a barrier for economic development but to the best of my knowledge, there is a lack of field research on analyzing the behavioral patterns of discriminatory behavior against women. This experimental study is setup with the following objectives:
1) use lab-in-the-field games to identify the presence of discriminatory beliefs towards female participants
2) analyze which economic models of discrimination predict observed patterns of gender discrimination (taste-based versus statistical discrimination models)
3) test the impact of a cognitive nudge which involves varying the evaluation settings on participants’ decision-making
4) analyze the relationship between lab measures of discrimination and participants’ real-life experiences with intra-household gender inequality
To achieve these objectives, I will use two prominent behavioral games, including the standard trust and dictator games, in a within-subjects experimental design which enables the identification of discriminatory beliefs at the individual level. This design also allows for between-subjects analysis comparing differential behavior of women and men towards each other. The lab experiment will be followed by a short-survey designed to record the participants’ demographic and socio-economic characteristics, as well as the existing level of gender inequality within their households.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Mehrotra, Rahul. 2016. "Gender Discrimination in Economic Decision-making: Behavioral Evidence from India." AEA RCT Registry. March 04. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.1100
Former Citation
Mehrotra, Rahul. 2016. "Gender Discrimination in Economic Decision-making: Behavioral Evidence from India." AEA RCT Registry. March 04. https://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/1100/history/7117
Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
Intervention Start Date
2016-03-05
Intervention End Date
2016-03-16

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Trust and Altruism by male and female participants in other male and female participants.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Within subjects design lab in the field experiment, with multiple treatment settings
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Random blind lottery drawn by participants
Randomization Unit
Individual participants
Was the treatment clustered?
No

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
12 villages
Sample size: planned number of observations
450 villagers
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
450 villagers undergo all different treatment settings in a within-subjects design
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
Supporting Documents and Materials

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IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number

Post-Trial

Post Trial Information

Study Withdrawal

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Intervention

Is the intervention completed?
No
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?
No

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials