Pronoun Shifts and Economic Behaviors

Last registered on April 13, 2023

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Pronoun Shifts and Economic Behaviors
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0011203
Initial registration date
April 13, 2023

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
April 13, 2023, 4:48 PM EDT

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.

Locations

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Primary Investigator

Affiliation
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
Nanyang Technological University
PI Affiliation
Nanyang Technological University

Additional Trial Information

Status
In development
Start date
2023-04-24
End date
2024-04-23
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial is based on or builds upon one or more prior RCTs.
Abstract
We've already found that shifting pronoun uses would affect people's economic decisions such as risk preference, time preference, and loss aversion. We are trying to investigate if pronoun shifting could impact people's other economic behaviors such as altruistic behavior, trust behavior, and inequality aversion. Also, we try to support our findings on loss aversion by using some famous hypothesized scenario tasks in addition to incentivized lottery tasks.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
He, Tai-Sen, Yupeng Li and Jubo Yan. 2023. "Pronoun Shifts and Economic Behaviors." AEA RCT Registry. April 13. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.11203-1.0
Sponsors & Partners

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Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
It is a between-subject design with one baseline group and three treatment groups. For each group, we use a different pronoun to describe the same tasks, then ask the participants to make decisions.
Intervention Start Date
2023-04-24
Intervention End Date
2024-04-23

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Pronouns shifting will influence people's loss aversion, degree of altruism, degree of trust and inequality averion.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Task 1. Hypothesized Scenario Task
Task 2. Ultimate Game Task
Task 3. Dictator Game Task
Task 4. Trust Game Task
Task 5. Public Goods Task
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Randomization by software applications.
Randomization Unit
Individual level
Was the treatment clustered?
No

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
200 Persons
Sample size: planned number of observations
200 Persons
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
50 persons for each group, and four groups in total.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China Institutional Review Board
IRB Approval Date
2023-02-26
IRB Approval Number
25072