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Empowering Women through Public Policy: Can Gender-Sensitive Policy Reform to a Major Public Works Program Encourage Female Work and Improve Women's Wellbeing?
Last registered on September 19, 2019

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Empowering Women through Public Policy: Can Gender-Sensitive Policy Reform to a Major Public Works Program Encourage Female Work and Improve Women's Wellbeing?
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0000115
Initial registration date
July 09, 2014
Last updated
September 19, 2019 10:08 AM EDT
Location(s)
Primary Investigator
Affiliation
Harvard
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
Harvard Kennedy School
PI Affiliation
Duke University
PI Affiliation
MIT
PI Affiliation
Dartmouth University
PI Affiliation
Harvard Kennedy School
Additional Trial Information
Status
Completed
Start date
2013-11-20
End date
2014-09-30
Secondary IDs
Abstract
The proposed research project uses a randomized control trial design to test whether a gender-sensitive policy reform to India's National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) can encourage female participation and improve women’s socio-economic wellbeing. The policy reform proposes that all women have their NREGS wages deposited into individual bank accounts, instead of the status quo where wages are paid into a household bank account, typically owned by the male head. This reform has been proposed for India-wide rollout, but its impact on female welfare is theoretically ambiguous: the policy may improve women’s welfare if it increases women’s standing in the household or boosts financial empowerment. Alternatively, it could have unintended negative consequences such as increased domestic violence. The results from the field experiment will be used to estimate the net impact of this important policy change, and help Indian policymakers increase financial access for women in a gender-sensitive manner. Our primary outcomes of interest include a broad range of measures of female welfare and socioeconomic status, as well as measures of corruption and leakage within the NREGS system. The multi-treatment arm design of the research study will help provide evidence on the causal pathways that mediate the policy’s effect. Our design also includes a supplementary intervention designed to test whether additional training on how to use new banking technologies helps women benefit from these technologies.

External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Field, Erica et al. 2019. "Empowering Women through Public Policy: Can Gender-Sensitive Policy Reform to a Major Public Works Program Encourage Female Work and Improve Women's Wellbeing?." AEA RCT Registry. September 19. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.115-5.0.
Former Citation
Field, Erica et al. 2019. "Empowering Women through Public Policy: Can Gender-Sensitive Policy Reform to a Major Public Works Program Encourage Female Work and Improve Women's Wellbeing?." AEA RCT Registry. September 19. https://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/115/history/53727.
Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
Intervention Start Date
2014-01-20
Intervention End Date
2014-03-20
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
household income, consumption, labor supply, investments, household conflict, and various measures of female empowerment (mental and physical health, mobility constraints, gender-related attitudes, and decision-making power)
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
In randomly selected groups of villages known as Gram Panchayats (GPs), we will support the government's initiative to open bank accounts for female NREGS workers who do not have an account in their own names. In another set of randomly selected GPs, women NREGS workers will open individual bank accounts, and their NREGS wages will be paid into the individual accounts. A cross-cutting intervention will randomize households within the control and treatment arms of the base design to receive bi-weekly information about NREGS wage payments to household members. In one treatment arm, individuals will receive information about their own NREGS wage payments. In the other treatment arm, households will receive information on wage payments from NREGS to all household members.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Randomization done in office by a computer
Randomization Unit
Randomization at GP level for basic design; randomization at household level for cross-cutting information intervention
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
150 Gram Panchayats
Sample size: planned number of observations
7500 households
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
50 Gram Panchayats control, 50 Gram Panchayats T1, and 50 Gram Panchayats T2
Information intervention: 2500 households control, 2500 households information intervention 1, 2500 households information intervention 2
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
Harvard Human Research Protection Program
IRB Approval Date
2013-10-13
IRB Approval Number
IRB13-1934
IRB Name
Institute for Financial Management and Research Human Subjects Committee
IRB Approval Date
2013-10-22
IRB Approval Number
IRB00007107
Analysis Plan
Analysis Plan Documents
The Impact of Financial Inclusion on Female's Economic Empowerment: Pre-Analysis Plan

MD5: 5c9cd8e322a65c6191aaf7b3f75c8eb4

SHA1: c9b25ddd3e804a3d764be6760f316022f559ea5b

Uploaded At: January 14, 2016

The Impact of Financial Inclusion on Female's Economic Empowerment: Pre-Analysis Plan_v2

MD5: 1d001458af35d028e5173f61a9636507

SHA1: a9787f1f87e90629111a73ac3c83070d5e66b036

Uploaded At: February 26, 2016

Direct Benefit Transfers and Graft in the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS): Pre-Analysis Plan

MD5: d0285979bc91ed729dccccd8197d077f

SHA1: 9a67a37d858429c684bd3bb14759740af1852e2c

Uploaded At: February 26, 2016

Post-Trial
Post Trial Information
Study Withdrawal
Intervention
Is the intervention completed?
No
Is data collection complete?
Data Publication
Data Publication
Is public data available?
No
Program Files
Program Files
Reports and Papers
Preliminary Reports
Relevant Papers