Racial-gender stereotypes and discrimination in a stratified sample of the US population

Last registered on July 28, 2023

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Racial-gender stereotypes and discrimination in a stratified sample of the US population
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0011808
Initial registration date
July 26, 2023

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
July 28, 2023, 2:06 PM EDT

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.

Locations

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Primary Investigator

Affiliation
New York University Abu Dhabi

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
New York University Abu Dhabi

Additional Trial Information

Status
In development
Start date
2023-07-27
End date
2024-07-27
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
Abstract
Stereotypical beliefs about individual skills and traits can have substantial implications for hiring decisions, which subsequently translate into economic externalities. While existing literature provides evidence of racial and gender differences in traits like competitiveness, risk tolerance, and overconfidence, limited research has been conducted to understand how these traits are perceived across different racial and gender groups. This study aims to bridge this gap by investigating beliefs about racial and gender differences in these traits, and examining their relation to decision-making within a hiring context. Data for this research will be collected from a representative sample of 2,400 U.S. residents, aged between 25 and 65, spanning six racial-ethnic-gender (REG) groups. By studying these perceptions and their impact on hiring decisions, we aim to provide a comprehensive understanding of the role of stereotypical beliefs in the labor market and to offer valuable insights for addressing discriminatory practices.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Nikiforakis, Nikos and Monika Pompeo. 2023. "Racial-gender stereotypes and discrimination in a stratified sample of the US population." AEA RCT Registry. July 28. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.11808-1.0
Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
Intervention Start Date
2023-07-27
Intervention End Date
2024-07-27

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Prediction for each trait and REG group, prediction's accuracy, amount of times an REG group was chosen by an individual in the hiring task
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Our study comprises two parts. In the first part, participants predict the behavior of subjects from an earlier study (Dariel et al., In progress) by guessing their risk aversion, competitiveness, and overconfidence, as well as performance in a numerical task. Accurate predictions are incentivized with monetary rewards.

In the second part, participants engage in a hiring task, selecting representatives from fifteen pairs covering all combinations of six racial-ethnic-gender (REG) groups. Their payoffs are tied to the performance of their chosen representative. Half of the participants are placed in a treatment where their hiring decision affects the earnings of an individual from the same REG group as their chosen representative, aiming to probe potential biases in hiring. This is also what we refer to as treatment, when it comes to the randomisation.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Randomisation done by Qualtrics
Randomization Unit
Individual
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
2400
Sample size: planned number of observations
2400 approx
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
1200 control, 1200 treatment
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
New York University Abu Dhabi
IRB Approval Date
2023-03-27
IRB Approval Number
N/A
Analysis Plan

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