Violence against women: Witness intervention under different reporting options and violence scenarios.

Last registered on December 01, 2023

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Violence against women: Witness intervention under different reporting options and violence scenarios.
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0012526
Initial registration date
November 17, 2023

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
December 01, 2023, 4:21 AM EST

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.

Locations

Region

Primary Investigator

Affiliation
Universidad Publica de Navarra

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
Universidad Publica de Navarra
PI Affiliation
Universidad Publica de Navarra
PI Affiliation
Universidad de Oviedo

Additional Trial Information

Status
Completed
Start date
2023-11-02
End date
2023-11-24
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
Abstract
In Spain, the reform of the Violence Against Women (VAW) law (Royal Decree-Law 9/2018) has introduced the possibitlity that individuals report instances of VAW without the necessity of involving the police or the court. This approach, termed "soft reporting," provides victims or witnesses with the option to report to social services. By doing so, they can access legal, economic, and psychological support without the obligation to disclose the identity of the aggressor. This approach is anticipated to streamline the reporting process, reducing costs, and eliminating barriers that may hinder reporting.

The findings of a prior experiment (AEARCTR-0010397) indicated a greater willingness among witnesses to intervene when presented with the soft reporting option as opposed to the hard reporting alternative. The present study endeavors to elucidate the difference in witnesses' intervention between the hard and soft reporting options when witnesses encounter different scenarios of VAW: one characterised by depicting physical violence and certainty, and another featuring heightened ambiguity and indications of psychological violence..

External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Echavarri, Rebeca et al. 2023. "Violence against women: Witness intervention under different reporting options and violence scenarios.." AEA RCT Registry. December 01. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.12526-1.0
Sponsors & Partners

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Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
We perform an online experiment on individual decisions usign a sample of 6000 individuals representative of the Spanish population.
Intervention Start Date
2023-11-02
Intervention End Date
2023-11-24

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Willingness to intervene under different reporting options and violence scenarios.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Information about individual characteristics that may affect willingness to intervene: economic preferences, social behaviour economic outcomes such as income and labor status, attitudes and values and other socio-demographic variables such as age or nationality.
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Participants will read a realistic and well-explained hypothetical situation (a vignette) and, given this
context, will choose whether to intervene or not. They will be randomly assigned to one of six treatment groups.
Experimental Design Details
Participants are randomnly selected to one of six treatment groups that vary in the violence scenario and reporting options:
(1) A more certain situation of violence and the option of intervening through soft reporting or not intervening.
(2) A more certain situation of violence and the option of intervening through hard reporting or not intervening.
(3) A more certain situation of violence and a choice between intervening through soft reporting, intervening through hard reporting and not intervening.
(4) A more ambiguous situation of violence and the option of intervening through soft reporting or not intervening.
(5) A more ambiguous situation of violence and the option of intervening through hard reporting or not intervening.
(6) A more ambiguous situation of violence and a choice between intervening through soft reporting, intervening through hard reporting and not intervening.
.
To enrich our capacity to interpret the results of this experiment, we complement this decision task with a comprehensive set of survey questions aimed at eliciting information about individual characteristics.
Randomization Method
Randomization done by a computer.
Randomization Unit
Individual.
Was the treatment clustered?
No

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
6000 individuals.
Sample size: planned number of observations
6000 individuals.
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
1000 individuals per treatment.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number

Post-Trial

Post Trial Information

Study Withdrawal

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Intervention

Is the intervention completed?
No
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?
No

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials