Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary outcomes will be measured by the questions in the endline survey ((ii) 6 months later) except for some which will be measured by the ones in the (i) follow-up survey.

1. Parental attitude toward FLFP will be measured based on the answers to the following questions.

(from (i) follow-up survey)

F1. Do you think it a good idea for women in general to work outside the home?

1= Yes, 2= Yes, only if it is white collar job, 3= No

F2. Would you allow your daughter to work outside the home?

1= Yes, 2= Yes, only if it is white collar job, 3= No

-> The outcome variable will be constructed (a) as ordinal variable, i.e., the ordered answers to the questions F1 and F2, respectively. We will construct (b) binary variables taking the value of 1 if the answers to the questions F1 and F2 are 1, respectively, and (c) binary variables taking the value of 1 if the answers to the questions F1 and F2 are 1 or 2, respectively. The sum of these binary variables are also consructed as ordinal variables taking the values 0-2 in both cases ((d) for the sum of (b) and (e) for the sum of (c)).

(from (ii) endline survey)

DW1. Would you allow your daughter to work outside the home?

1= Yes, 2= Yes, only if it is white collar job, 3= No

DW3. How far would you allow your daughter to travel to get a job?

1= Home-based work only, 2= Within the union, 3= Within the tehsil, 4= Within the district, 5= Within the division, 6= Another division, 7= Another province, 8= Abroad

-> The outcome variable will be constructed (a) as ordinal variables, i.e., the ordered answers to the questions DW1 and DW3, respectively. We will construct (b) a binary variable taking the value of 1 if the answer to the question DW1 is 1, (c) a binary variable taking the value of 1 if the answer to the question DW3 is 2 and above, and (d) a binary variable taking the value of 1 if the answer to the question DW3 is 3 and above. The sum of these binary variables are also consructed as ordinal variables taking the values 0-2 in either cases ((e) for the sum of (b) and (c), (f) for the sum of (b) and (d)).

GA10.Women should not work outside but should rather take care of the family.

GA11.Women should not work outside even if other household members (e.g., sisters) can take care of the family.

GA12.Income earned by a women should be remitted to her husband.

GA13.A woman should ask her husband for permission if she wants to work outside.

GA14.If a girl works outside home, that increases her chances of finding a better groom.

GA15.If a girl works outside home, that decreases the amount of dowry that the parents need to pay.

To above questions, the respondent answers 1=strongly disagree, 2=disagree, 3=neutral, 4=agree, 5=strongly agree.

-> The outcome variable will be constructed (a) as binary variables taking the value of 1 if the answers to the questions above are two less conservative values, (b) the sum of these binary variables taking the values 0-6, and (c) using factor analysis.

2. Girls' empowerment will be measured based on the answers to the following questions.

The answer 5=I'm usually at home (do not go out) to the question D1. To which level do you observe purdah? (Though purdah itself is not a measure of empowerment, the answer 5 shows the level of girl's mobility)

D2. Please tell us your educational aspiration.

1=I do not intend to pursue higher education, 2=I plan to complete master’s or higher degree.

-> The outcome variable will be constructed (a) as a binary variable taking the value of 1 if the answer to the question D1 is not 5, (b) a binary varialbe taking the value of 1 if the answer to the question D2 is 2, and (c) the sum of these binary variables taking the values 0-2.

3. Girls' attitude toward FLFP will be measured based on the answers to the following questions.

D3. Please tell us your job aspiration in the future. Do you want to work for pay?

1=Yes, 2=No, 3=Not sure.

D3.1 If Yes above, which occupation do you have in your mind?

-> The outcome variable will be constructed (a) as a binary variable taking the value of 1 if the answer to the question D3 is 1. We will construct some (b) categorical (by occupations) variables based on the answers to the question D3.1.