Flood Risk and Differential Firm Investment: Evidence from Dakar, Senegal

Last registered on July 01, 2024

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Flood Risk and Differential Firm Investment: Evidence from Dakar, Senegal
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0013840
Initial registration date
June 18, 2024

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
June 24, 2024, 2:10 PM EDT

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.

Last updated
July 01, 2024, 5:52 AM EDT

Last updated is the most recent time when changes to the trial's registration were published.

Locations

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Primary Investigator

Affiliation
Cornell University

Other Primary Investigator(s)

Additional Trial Information

Status
In development
Start date
2024-07-01
End date
2025-12-31
Secondary IDs
Prior work
This trial does not extend or rely on any prior RCTs.
Abstract
In many urban communities, insufficient drainage, and minimal urban planning means that seasonal rainfall brings with it the risk of regular flooding of homes and businesses. Persistent flooding poses a multitude of challenges for businesses in these areas as it can destroy inventory, limit movement of workers and customers, and overall decrease firm performance. Changing rainfall patterns due to anthropogenic climate change heightens the need to better understand the currently underexplored impacts of seasonal flooding, particularly on small firms. My work seeks to understand the impact of seasonal flooding on small firm performance and investment in urban Dakar, Senegal by collecting detailed firm-level data on investment, inventory, worker behavior, consumer behavior and flood risk perception, community data on infrastructure and drainage characteristics. I will then run a randomized experiment to understand the impacts of flood adaptation strategies and to identify local spillover effects of flood adaptation. With parameters estimated from the data and the experiment, I will develop a model of investment by firms to explore barriers to adaptation and defensive investment. I will use this model to highlight risks of anthropogenic climate change and potential policy interventions to decrease the impact of seasonal flooding.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Doruska, Molly. 2024. "Flood Risk and Differential Firm Investment: Evidence from Dakar, Senegal." AEA RCT Registry. July 01. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.13840-2.0
Sponsors & Partners

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Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
Following the baseline cross-sectional data collection described above, I will conduct a clustered randomized experiment designed to reduce barriers to adaptation and understand the local spillover effects of firm adaptation strategies. I will randomly assign groups of firms to the control or one of two treatment arms where firms are offered their choice of vouchers for different flood adaptation strategies. I will use this experimental design to understand the impacts of these flood adaptation strategies, to explore the cost barrier to flood adaptation measures, and to identify the local spillover effects of different flood adaptation strategies.
Intervention Start Date
2024-07-08
Intervention End Date
2024-11-30

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Firm inventory, firm operating hours, customer traffic, worker attendence, investment, risk perception, flood experience
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Neighborhoods of firms will be allocated to one of two treatment arms or the control. In the first treatment arm, the individual strategy treatment arm, firm owners will be given a choice of vouchers from a menu of equally valued adaptation strategies. Possible choices include vouchers for sandbags, concrete to build a barrier, or shelving units. I will finalize the list of strategies and the amounts of each item following a short piloting exercise with local firms. I will select two to three flood mitigation strategies where one strategy only helps an individual firm while at least one other strategy impacts firms in the local neighborhood. I give firms the choice of strategy because I anticipate sufficient heterogeneity across firms. Some firms may not have space for additional shelving units while other firms may not need or want any sort of barrier outside their store. The menu of options allows firms to choose the strategy that best fits their location and needs.

In the other treatment arms, I will gather all firms in the neighborhood cluster, and they will decide as a group which vouchers they would like to receive. Each firm will still receive the same number of vouchers; however, the choice is at the neighborhood level. While some strategies benefit the firm individually (shelving units) other strategies (sandbags or barriers) may benefit or hurt firms across the group differently. The variation in choice at the individual or neighborhood level will allow me to identify the impact of local spillovers.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Stratified randomization done in office by a computer
Randomization Unit
Neighborhood
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
150 neighborhoods
Sample size: planned number of observations
750 firms
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
250 control, 250 individual treatment, 250 neighborhood treatment
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
We will recruit 750 firms for the study, 250 firms for each treatment arm. Assuming a standard deviation of 0.3, 0.05 significance level, and 85% power, I estimate a detectable difference of 15% in flood investment strategies based on flood risk with a sample of 44 neighborhoods of five firms or 220 firms in each treatment arm.
Supporting Documents and Materials

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IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Cornell University Institutional Review Board for Human Participants
IRB Approval Date
2024-06-12
IRB Approval Number
IRB0147609
Analysis Plan

Analysis Plan Documents