Scoring a goal: How sports may enhance cognitive and non-cognitive abilities of children. An experimental study of football in Lima  - Peru
Last registered on August 08, 2016

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Scoring a goal: How sports may enhance cognitive and non-cognitive abilities of children. An experimental study of football in Lima  - Peru
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0001440
Initial registration date
July 21, 2016
Last updated
August 08, 2016 12:29 PM EDT
Location(s)
Region
Primary Investigator
Affiliation
CAF - Development Bank of Latin America
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
CAF - Development Bank of Latin America
PI Affiliation
Universidad de los Andes - Colombia
PI Affiliation
CAF - Development Bank of Latin America
Additional Trial Information
Status
On going
Start date
2014-01-20
End date
2016-10-31
Secondary IDs
Abstract
This study aims to measure the impact of practicing football on a regular basis on the development of young children’s cognitive and non-cognitive skills and other dimensions of well-being. The intervention was implemented by Academia Deportiva Cantolao, a well-known football training school located in Lima, Perú, and was carried out in two training fields located in one of the poorest sector of the city of Lima. Training sessions took place twice per week during weekends, totalizing 15 hours per month of training. The experiment relied on a encouragement design, in which a population of eligible children (those aged 5 to 11 who had not being part of the activities of the school before) was randomly assigned to receive a waiver of the full tuition and activities fees during the period of the study (usual fees were about 38 USD per month, while tuition was about 19 USD per year). Randomization was done stratifying by training field and children's age, with treatment and control groups of equal size. The total sample consisted of 1731 children, divided in two cohorts. The first cohort (1334 children) attended the training sessions during 18 months (from March 2014 to September 2015), while the second one (397 children) attended for 10 months (from November 2014 to September 2015). Additionally, in one of the two training fields the program was implemented, another experiment was carried out. In order to evaluate the importance of different training methods, 528 children assigned to treatment in this training filed were randomly allocated to one of two different training methods: a method that emphasized the development of children’s values and other soft skills, and another method that focused more on the strengthening of physical and technical skills of children (which is the standard approach of Academia Cantolao to organize training sessions)
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Brassiolo, Pablo et al. 2016. "Scoring a goal: How sports may enhance cognitive and non-cognitive abilities of children. An experimental study of football in Lima  - Peru." AEA RCT Registry. August 08. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.1440-2.0.
Former Citation
Brassiolo, Pablo et al. 2016. "Scoring a goal: How sports may enhance cognitive and non-cognitive abilities of children. An experimental study of football in Lima  - Peru." AEA RCT Registry. August 08. http://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/1440/history/10021.
Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
The intervention was implemented by Academia Deportiva Cantolao, a well-known football training school located in Lima, Perú, and was carried out in two training fields located in one of the poorest sector of the city of Lima. Training sessions took place twice per week during weekends, totalizing 15 hours per month of training. The total sample consisted of 1731 children, divided in two cohorts. The first cohort (1334 children) attended the training sessions during 18 months (from March 2014 to September 2015), while the second one (397 children) attended for 10 months (from November 2014 to September 2015). Additionally, in order to evaluate the importance of different training methods, 528 children assigned to treatment in this training filed were randomly allocated to one of two different training methods: a method that emphasized the development of children’s values and other soft skills, and another method that focused more on the strengthening of physical and technical skills of children (which is the standard approach of Academia Cantolao to organize training sessions).
Intervention Start Date
2014-03-30
Intervention End Date
2015-09-15
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Non-cognitive skills: self-esteem, social skills, social stress, interpersonal skills, agression, leadership and conduct problems.
Cognitive skills: visual memory and procesing speed.
Well-being: bullying, well-being perception and health habits
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
The experiment relied on a encouragement design, in which a population of eligible children (those aged 5 to 11 who had not being part of the activities of the school before) was randomly assigned to receive a waiver of the full tuition and activities fees during the period of the study (usual fees were about 38 USD per month, while tuition was about 19 USD per year). Randomization was done stratifying by training field and children's age, with treatment and control groups of equal size.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Public lottery
Randomization Unit
Individual
Was the treatment clustered?
No
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
1731 children
Sample size: planned number of observations
1731 children
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
Ventanilla: 269 children to treatment and 261 children to control
La Perla: 528 children to treatment and 517 children to control. In La Perla two arms of treatment that depend of the training method used: 263 children assigned to attend the training methodology developed by Right to Play International and 265 children assigned to attend the standard training method of Academia Cantolao.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
.24 Standar Desviation
Supporting Documents and Materials

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IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
Comité Institucional de Ética en Investigación. Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia
IRB Approval Date
2014-04-20
IRB Approval Number
13008
Analysis Plan

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Post-Trial
Post Trial Information
Study Withdrawal
Intervention
Is the intervention completed?
No
Is data collection complete?
Data Publication
Data Publication
Is public data available?
No
Program Files
Program Files
Reports and Papers
Preliminary Reports
Relevant Papers