CISCO level intervention: CISCO (district) heads were provided with tools to accomplish their tasks, along with training on the use of these tools. Other CISCO level administrative staff (financial officers, pedagogical officers, and programming officers) also received training on the AGEMAD program. Tools included: a teacher transfer master sheet, a pedagogical supplies form, and a class observation grid.
ZAP level intervention: Operational tools that were designed to help monitor and support schools were provided to ZAP (subdistrict) heads. In contrast to the CISCO level intervention, only the ZAP heads received the AGEMAD tools and training; no other ZAP level staff participated. Tools provided included: pedagogical supervision and support forms, and report cards on the performance of, and the resources for, each school in the ZAP. Only ZAPs in the CISCOs which were treated were randomized into this intervention.
AGEMAD intervention at the school level: Teachers were provided educational and administrative tools (e.g. lesson planning forms, records of student attendance and learning, and reports to parents and school directors) and school principals (directors) were provided with tools to better manage their schools (e.g. attendance registers to monitor teachers' absence, summaries of student test scores, and community meeting forms). In addition, school meetings were held to discuss school report cards, in order to encourage parental and community involvement in monitoring school quality. Only for schools in treated ZAPs were randomly assigned to the AGEMAD intervention.