Outcomes (end points)
In Simpser (2017), I propose a model where the probability of truthfully answering a question about having engaged in a sensitive behavior (or exhibiting a sensitive trait) is a function of:
• A shame aversion parameter
• A lying aversion parameter
• A Bayesian probability calculation based on second-order beliefs about the interviewer’s priors (about whether the respondent engaged in the sensitive behavior)
I operationalize these concepts through survey questions about the following:
A. Subjective sense of privacy after being asked a question on the sensitive item (variable reveal).
B. Shame aversion (through a battery of survey questions inspired or drawn from SHArQ) (variables shame1, shame2, shame3, [shame4])
C. Degree to which lack of privacy would translate into shame (via the variable shame, only measured conditional on reveal).
D. Lying aversion (through a battery of questions drawn from psychology) (variables lie1, [lie2], lie3, lie4, lie5)
E. Respondent second-order beliefs about the interviewer’s priors (variable expect)
F. Respondent second-order beliefs about how much the interviewer cares that the respondent might have engaged in the sensitive behavior (variable reaction)
G. Respondent second-order beliefs about how much the interviewer cares that the respondent might have engaged in the sensitive behavior (proxied as one agree/disagree question in the battery about the normative desirability of the sensitive behavior). (shame4 for voting, lie2 for coin flip).