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Field Before After
Last Published May 19, 2020 02:30 PM September 07, 2022 04:30 PM
Keyword(s) Agriculture Agriculture
Building on Existing Work No
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Field Before After
Paper Abstract To gain a better understanding of intrahousehold bargaining processes, surveys increasingly collect data from co-heads individually, especially on decision-making, asset ownership and labour contributions. However, answers provided by co-heads to the same set of questions often differ substantially. Recent research suggests that while some of this disagreement is due to random measurement error and cognitive bias, part also reflects non-overlapping information sets. We document differences in answers between male and female co-heads in monogamous smallholder maize-farming households in Uganda. We first confirm that not all disagreement can be explained by measurement error or bias. Using a field experiment, we then test if disagreement is due to information asymmetry between male and female co-heads. We also test an alternative explanation where discord is attributed to co-heads’ tendency to respond in line with prevailing gender norms and social customs. While the interventions did seem to reduce discord in survey response about decision-making, we do not find that information asymmetry nor reporting in line with gender norms and customs are the primary drivers of disagreement.
Paper Citation Bjorn Van Campenhout, Els Lecoutere & David J. Spielman (2022) Hiding or Pleasing: Spousal Disagreement Among Ugandan Maize Farmers, The Journal of Development Studies, DOI: 10.1080/00220388.2022.2113065
Paper URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00220388.2022.2113065
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Post Trial Documents

Field Before After
Type ExternalDocument
Description In many developing countries, agricultural extension services are generally biased towards men, with information targeted mainly to male members of a farming household and in formats that are rarely tailored to female members. Nevertheless, female farmers
Citation Lecoutere, Els, Spielman, David J., and Van Campenhout, Bjorn. "WomenÕs empowerment, agricultural extension, and digitalization: Disentangling information and role model effects in rural Uganda," IFPRI Discussion Paper 1889. Washington, DC: International
Url https://www.ifpri.org/publication/womens-empowerment-agricultural-extension-and-digitalization-disentangling-information
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