Primary Outcomes (explanation)
For experimental validity and balance purposes, between February and May of 2014, we collected data from a baseline survey in a sample of 100 child care centers (50 treatments and 50 controls). We surveyed infrastructure, staff and functioning conditions through the application of questionnaires at the center level, including the application of three standardized quality tests: ITERS-R, CIS and COFAS. Within each center, we randomly selected a class/cohort and then applied ECD Standardized Tests to a randomized selection of 10 children. The total sample at baseline includes information on 100 child care centers and 1,000 children under 4 years old. The baseline data analysis provided a comprehensive overview of the situation of pre-program ECD and child care centers quality indicators in the target sample. It also showed no significant differences in observable characteristics between treatment and control groups (Bedregal et.al. 2016).
The first follow up survey will take place between September and October of 2017 and will collect information from all child care centers where treatment was offered, as well as from an equivalent number of control centers in rural and urban areas of the departments of Chuquisaca and Potosi. Treatment-control pairs will be selected within each municipality; therefore, the evaluation sample will exclude 8 municipalities that have only one child care center. In total, the evaluation sample will contain 158 child centers.
The survey will focus on measuring quality of services provided at the center, including infrastructure conditions, adequate use of space, caregiving routines, defined activities, processes and interactions with children. Specifically, the survey will collect data on:
- Personal care routines, furnishings, language, fine- and gross-motor activities, creative activities, social development, and adult needs (Infant/Toddler Environment Rating Scale ITERS-R).
- Caregiver interactions to evaluate sensitivity, harshness, detachment and permissiveness of caregivers (Care Giver Interaction Scale CIS).
- Knowledge about child care practices and development processes (Knowledge of Infant Development Inventory).
- Infrastructure indicators, including availability and use of space, furniture and equipment.
- Human resources and child care center management indicators.
Contingent on the availability of resources, a subsequent follow-up survey will be implemented in treatment and control communities with the objective of measuring early childhood development outcomes using a sample of resident households with preschool aged children.