Primary Outcomes (end points)
1. Video selection task
This task asked participants to make a choice about watching 3-4 minute video clips. Enumerators described the following six videos and the participant chose to watch two at the end of the survey. Participant could not select the same clip more than once. Video clips were played after the completion of the sociodemographic questionnaire.
1. A video from the Mark Angel comedy group, featuring Emanuela (leisure)
2. A trailer for the Nigerian movie, featuring Ramsey Noah (leisure)
3. A Noa Ubongo video on math skills for business or CBO management (self-investment)
4. A video of football highlights from around the world (leisure)
5. A Noa Ubongo video on using equity and debt for financing business development (self- investment)
6. A Naswa prank skit (leisure)
This task provided information on participants’ willingness to engage in self-investment (i.e. skills building) activities over leisurely activities. We collected data on the participant’s ordered first and second choices. We classified each clip as either for leisure or for self-investment and observe the number of self-investment videos (0, 1, or 2) the participant chooses to watch.
2. Savings decision task
This task allowed participants to invest a portion (either one-quarter or one-half of their initial endowment) in savings with an interest rate of 50%, to be paid out in two weeks. Enumerators reminded the participant about receiving KES 400 and present the participant with the following two choices.
1. “If you send us 100 right now, after two weeks you will get back 150 KSh.” 2. “If you send us 200 right now, after two weeks you will get back 300 KSh.”
If the participant chose to save, enumerators instruct them to send the appropriate amount of money to a project phone number a project phone number using M-Pesa. We also use M-Pesa to complete transfers scheduled in two weeks. To further reduce uncertainty regarding the delayed payment, we provided a phone number for participants to call to follow up on the transaction.
3. Support for organization and message
Participants were reminded of the organization's goal by listening to the audio message treatment once more. They were then asked to evaluate the message and were asked whether they would want to show their support for the organization by recording the organization’s message themselves.
1. This [ORGANIZATION] is asking recipients whether they want to help promote their goal of [ORGANIZATION] by recording the voices of recipients saying their message. They want to share these recordings with possible future recipients as a show of support from current recipients. If you support their goal, you could stay after the survey ends to record the message you heard earlier. Would you like to end after watching the videos, or to continue and do a recording to show support for this organization?