Primary Outcomes (end points)
We will measure three core families of outcomes: (1) trust in the police and the state; (2) rates of crime and violence; and (3) citizen cooperation with the police. To measure trust in the police and the state, we will conduct a household survey of all 288 villages in the sample. (As described above, we will randomly select two villages per parish to participate in the evaluation. We anticipate that villages will have an adult population of approximately 300-350 individuals on average.) Twelve residents will be randomly sampled from the consenting adult population of each village, for a sample size of approximately 3450 respondents. Endline data collection will begin 8 months after implementation begins. We anticipate the survey, which will be conducted in local languages using IPA Uganda, will last approximately 1.5 hours. If we secure sufficient funding, we would also implement a series of behavioral games to measure trust and cooperation.
We will measure rates of crime and violence using two sources: (1) the household survey described above, and (2) administrative data from the UPF. For the household survey, we will implement a version of the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), modified for the Ugandan context. For respondents who report being a victim of crime, we will also ask if and with whom they filed a complaint. Blair and colleagues successfully adapted the NCVS to measure crime and violence in rural Liberia, and we expect to be able to do the same in Uganda. Here we are especially interested in testing whether women increase reporting of domestic violence and other forms of gender based violence. For the administrative data, we plan on digitizing records of all criminal complaints lodged by residents of any of the villages in our sample between January 1, 2017 and 6 months after the end of implementation.
Finally, to measure citizen cooperation with the police, we will request that UPF officers at each post record the date and location of three categories of citizen cooperation: (1) tips about specific crimes and about more general crime “hot spots;” (2) denunciations; and (3) requests for assistance. A short survey will also be conducted with police officers working in stations and posts in study areas. The survey will last about 45 minutes and will focus on officers' perception of local problems and dynamics, their relationships with citizens, and police behavior.