Kimanya Ng'eyo (KN), a Ugandan NGO founded in 2007, implements a teacher-training program using the Preparation for Social Action (PSA) program. PSA's materials were developed in Colombia as part of an NGO, the Foundation for the Application and Teaching of the Sciences, and adapted for the African context. KN collaborates with district education officials to invite schools to select 2-3 teachers to participate in their training program. The training is one year long and combines two-week periods of full-time programming with KN tutors with in-service periods. During the full-time trainings, held during term breaks, teachers move together through a sequence of texts and engage in practical exercises that help link the readings with everyday reality. During the in-service periods, PSA tutors randomly visit classrooms to observe how teachers are engaging with students and reflect with them on outcomes.
The PSA materials prepare teachers to integrate the study of scientific knowledge with social action in local communities. PSA develops capabilities in four broad areas: language, mathematics, science, and processes of community life. While topical facts are given attention, the courses seek primarily to build several general capabilities of scientific inquiry through group activity. These include the capacity to describe the world around oneself with precision and clarity, to identify data for testing theories, and to combine insights from theory with praxis. The format of the training targets teachers' attitudes in three novel ways. First, discussion exercises that explicitly demonstrate how scientific concepts can be used to solve local problems help teachers to design useful community projects for their students to undertake. Second, as teachers engage one another in an open seminar environment during the training, they learn to appreciate the value of a non-authoritative classroom and how to teach in a participant-centred way. Third, collective reflection exercises help participants organize insights from their teaching experiences, improving communication among teachers.