Everyday life offers ample opportunities to gain an advantage through misreporting.
The aim of this research project is to investigate lying behavior by focusing on two specific characteristics: time pressure and gender.
As far as time pressure, existing literature is rather controversial as it is reported to both increase honesty
and decrease it.
We would like to argue that these opposing findings may well be the result of a methodological flaw. Most studies use the dice-in-the-cup paradigm to measure honesty.
However, a lot of people have a readily available default for this situation: claiming a roll of 6.
In order not to trigger this automatic response, we propose a variant of the dice-in-a-cup paradigm where regular dice pips are replaced with colors.
As opposed to regular dice with pips, we expect that the participants do not have a default response with respect to which color to report.
The very same channel, namely that lying under time pressure is driven by experience, may as well be able to explain gender differences in lying.
We would like to argue that since men gamble more often than women, they accumulate more experience with rolling the dice and by extension, misreporting their rolls. Under time pressure, an intuitive answer formed by experience is triggered and so we expect when using regular dice, average reports by men are higher than those by women.
By contrast, when using dice with colors, gender differences are expected to vanish under time pressure.