Sample size: planned number of observations
Number of units: 564 wards within 94 Union Councils.
Outcomes will be recorded at:
(i) Polling station level, with one or more polling stations per ward (exact number unknown, pending the release of election results by Election Commission of Pakistan)
(ii) Voter level (with up to 10 voters surveyed in each ward, for a total of 5,000 voters).
(iii) Political worker level, with the main political worker in each treatment and control ward surveyed