Impact of Cash for Work on Household Welfare in Madagascar
Last registered on March 01, 2019

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Impact of Cash for Work on Household Welfare in Madagascar
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0003191
Initial registration date
February 21, 2019
Last updated
March 01, 2019 3:35 PM EST
Location(s)

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Primary Investigator
Affiliation
World Bank
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
World Bank
Additional Trial Information
Status
On going
Start date
2016-02-01
End date
2020-02-01
Secondary IDs
Abstract
This study, conducted by the Government of the Madagascar’s Ministry of Social Protection and the Promotion of Women with the support of the World Bank’s Africa Gender Innovation Lab (GIL), will evaluate the impact of a multi-year cash-for-work program in Madagascar. This impact evaluation (IE) will assess the impact of the Cash for Work (Argent Contre Travail – ACT) program on communities’ productive assets through water-and soil management, terracing, reforestation etc. In addition, it assesses the impact of cash transfer on agricultural productivity, livelihoods and welfare of the household.
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Ketema, Tigist and Muthoni Ngatia. 2019. "Impact of Cash for Work on Household Welfare in Madagascar." AEA RCT Registry. March 01. https://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/3191/history/42294
Sponsors & Partners

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Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
ACT provides extremely poor families with regular income support, during the lean season, over a three-year period. The project intends to help vulnerable rural households where famines and droughts are common, and malnutrition is high. The intervention is designed to address three key drivers of extreme poverty: (i) erosion of communities’ productive assets, (ii) lack of income and productive assets at the household level, and (iii) malnutrition.

The cash for work program consisted of two components, Emergency Infrastructure Preservation and Vulnerability Reduction Project (Projet d´Urgence pour la Préservation des Infrastructures et la Réduction de la Vulnérabilité or PUPIRV), and Emergency Food Security and Social Protection Project (Projet d´Urgence de Soutien à l´Agriculture et la Protection Sociale or PURSAPS). Both components consisted in cash-for-work activities aimed at providing a safety net for the poorest population of selected communities and promoting their productive development.
Intervention Start Date
2016-06-01
Intervention End Date
2018-02-01
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Assets, Consumption, Nutrition and Food Security, Agricultural outcomes, Household Income, Coping with shocks, Women's outcomes and family wellbeing
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Assets: We are interested in four types of assets: moveable assets, savings, housing, and land. Amongst moveable assets we will examine the total number of livestock and farming assets. We will examine the amount of current savings of the households. We will also examine the ownership and quality of housing stock (e.g. building materials of walls, roof and floor) as well as the availability of electricity and sanitation facilities.

Consumption: We will examine impacts on food consumption as well as food and non-food expenditures. Specifically, food consumption measured as self-reported market value of self-produced food, as well as food purchased from the market in the 7 days before the survey data are collected. Non-food expenditures include transport, leisure, communication, personal care goods, school fees, household expenses (e.g. clothing and utensils), and social expenditures (e.g. baptism, funerals, donations and festivals).

Nutrition and Food Security: Here we will analyze the self-reported number of meals consumed by adults and children in the household. We will also look at the incidence of non-availability of any food in the household, the necessity to borrow food from friends and relatives and the need to reduce the number of meals eaten in a day and a measure of dietary diversity.

Agricultural outcomes: We are interested in total production per hectare, total expenditures on inputs and seeds and the number of crops cultivated.

Household income: We will examine variables related to household income from self-employment, own business, livestock sale, agricultural products sale, and other sources. We want to explore the different income sources of the household and the amount received.

Coping with shocks: We will examine if the household experiences at least one type of shock in the last 12 months and which type of shock. Within the possible shocks we include: drought, flood, death of a family member, and asset theft, loss or damage. We will also assess resilience from the shock.

Women’s outcomes & family wellbeing: Within this section we are interested in studying the following categories: happiness, economic satisfaction, and decision-making power.
We will also analyze the education of children 5 years and above. For this, we measure the school attendance of any/all children in current school year.
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
The program was carried out in the 17 poorest / most vulnerable regions ranked according to the poverty ratio by region published by INSTAT (National Institute for Statistics) and the food insecurity indicator from the World Food Program in Madagascar. Within each region, the eligible municipalities are those identified by a regional committee composed of regional and local authorities.

The cash for work program consisted of two components, Emergency Infrastructure Preservation and Vulnerability Reduction Project (Projet d´Urgence pour la Préservation des Infrastructures et la Réduction de la Vulnérabilité or PUPIRV), and Emergency Food Security and Social Protection Project (Projet d´Urgence de Soutien à l´Agriculture et la Protection Sociale or PURSAPS). Both components consisted in cash-for-work activities aimed at providing a safety net for the poorest population of selected communities and promoting their productive development.
For PUPIRV, the study communes were drawn randomly at the level of each region among the eligible communes identified by the regional committees.
For the PURSAP, the study communes were also randomly selected from a list of one hundred eligible municipalities. However, the selection of communes was stratified in the case of PURSAP to have balance in terms of program efficiency. Three strata of communes were formed among the eligible communes; accessible communes, moderately accessible communes and communes that are difficult to access. Thus, to keep a certain level of acceptable average cost of administration at the overall level, the number of intervention communes per stratum is inversely proportional to the level of access difficulty of the stratum.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
randomization done in office by a computer,
Randomization Unit
Commune
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
84
Sample size: planned number of observations
5000 households
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
2510 households in control, 2494 households in treatment
42 clusters in treatment, 42 clusters in control
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
Power calculations determined the 5,000 respondents with 84 communes and an average of 60 respondents per commune the study should be able to detect a standardized effect size of 0.21 standard deviations at 80% power.
IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number
Analysis Plan

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