Experiment on leadership, gender, and language
Last registered on August 28, 2018

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Experiment on leadership, gender, and language
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0003208
Initial registration date
August 08, 2018
Last updated
August 28, 2018 4:17 PM EDT
Location(s)
Region
Primary Investigator
Affiliation
UC Merced
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
Washington State University
Additional Trial Information
Status
In development
Start date
2018-08-02
End date
2019-12-31
Secondary IDs
Abstract
This study explores whether advice and leadership is more effective when by provided by men versus women. We additionally explore whether the language used in the provision of advice, and whether the outcome is based on group versus individual choices, changes how subjects respond to male and female leadership. We additionally estimate whether our treatment effects differ from subjects' and experts' priors.
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Manian, Shanthi and Ketki Sheth. 2018. "Experiment on leadership, gender, and language." AEA RCT Registry. August 28. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.3208-2.0.
Former Citation
Manian, Shanthi, Ketki Sheth and Ketki Sheth. 2018. "Experiment on leadership, gender, and language." AEA RCT Registry. August 28. http://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/3208/history/33543.
Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
We implement an online experiment (through a directed Qualtrics Survey) on Amazon MTurk in which subjects are paired with unseen leaders. The primary activity is for subjects to play two incentivized games: an individual logic game, Individual Game, and a group logic game, Coordination Game. During the games, the subject is provided advice on how to improve their expected performance by their leader. We ask additional survey questions to better understand mechanisms for potential treatment effects.
Intervention Start Date
2018-08-02
Intervention End Date
2018-08-31
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Strategic Play and Change in Strategic Play
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Strategic Play is an indicator for whether the subject selected the option that is advised by the leader.

In both games, the primary outcome is whether the subject followed the advice provided by the leader. We also estimate the change in following advice from the Individual to the Coordination game as an additional primary outcome.

Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Pre_Belief_TL
Keeps_TL
TL_Evaluation
TL_Recall
Self_Power
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
• Pre_Belief_TL: Subject’s belief of Team Leader performance in the individual game (1 to 20, increasing in leader performance).
• Keeps_TL: Indicator for whether Subject keeps the Team Leader for a final game.
• TL_Evaluation: Summary index (as in Anderson 2008) of 16 questions evaluating the effectiveness of the team leader.
• TL_Recall: Correct recall of leader messages (0 to 4, increasing in correct recall). Note, this outcome cannot be compared across language treatments (as messages are different), but only across the gender treatment.
• Self_Power: Summary index of 8 questions on the subject’s feeling of power/control.
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
Our experimental design is for the characteristics of the unseen leader to be randomized along the following dimensions: gender and language. The subject is randomly assigned a female or male leader, and the type of language used in the advice provided (self-deprecating, neutral, self-promotional).
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Randomization done by Qualtrics computer software
Randomization Unit
Individual
Was the treatment clustered?
No
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
minimum of 600 individuals
Sample size: planned number of observations
For most outcome variables, there is one observation per individual (i.e., minimum 600 individuals). For the Individual Game, we observe 10 decisions: minimum 6000 plays.
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
a minimum of 100 individuals per treatment arm
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
Supporting Documents and Materials

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IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
UC Merced IRB
IRB Approval Date
2018-03-16
IRB Approval Number
UCM2018-14
Analysis Plan

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Post-Trial
Post Trial Information
Study Withdrawal
Intervention
Is the intervention completed?
No
Is data collection complete?
Data Publication
Data Publication
Is public data available?
No
Program Files
Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials
Relevant Paper(s)
REPORTS & OTHER MATERIALS