Overcoming Constraints to Female Labor Force Entry
Last registered on January 29, 2019


Trial Information
General Information
Overcoming Constraints to Female Labor Force Entry
Initial registration date
December 02, 2018
Last updated
January 29, 2019 2:59 AM EST

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Primary Investigator
Lahore School of Economics
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
Lahore School of Economics
PI Affiliation
University of Oxford
PI Affiliation
Lahore School of Economics
Additional Trial Information
On going
Start date
End date
Secondary IDs
The study is a randomized controlled trial to test the impact of a low-cost intervention to overcome psychological constraints to female labor force participation (FLFP). While socioeconomic background, information on available jobs and job skills are important determinants of entry into the labor market (Humphrey et al 2009; Jenson, 2012); studies have shown only modest impacts of job search assistance and skills training on employment and wages (see McKenzie 2017 for a review). Further, skills training programs often suffer from low enrollment (Cheema et al., 2012, 2015) and high cost (Adhoho et al., 2014); suggesting it is time to think of new interventions that can complement traditional skills training programs to promote employment. We investigate the extent to which psychological barriers and low motivation can constrain FLFP. We use light-touch motivational nudges to raise aspirations and promote job search effort. We will measure effort through a series of input and effort measures among female college students.
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Ahmad, Hamna et al. 2019. "Overcoming Constraints to Female Labor Force Entry." AEA RCT Registry. January 29. https://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/3221/history/40792
Experimental Details
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Our key outcomes variable will be whether the respondent finds a job. Our intermediate outcomes of interest will be a series of job search measures such as: whether the respondent signs up on the job search platform, creates a CV, seeks phone and (or) in-person job search assistance from a job search counsellor, applies for a job, shows up for an interview (conditional on receiving a call from a prospective employer) and time spent on job search.

Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Our secondary outcome of interest will be students' academic performance.
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
We are running a randomised control trial to study the causal effect of motivational nudges in promoting female labour force entry in Lahore, Pakistan. Our target population is final year undergraduate students, with majors in liberal arts, from women only public colleges in Lahore. We randomly divide students into one of two groups: treatment and placebo. Students in the treatment group are exposed to a motivational documentary about educated women who are successfully pursuing a career. Students in the placebo group are exposed to a documentary on a distinct subject, which is not in any away related to the treatment. Students in both groups will be interviewed at baseline, provided information about a job search platform called 'Job Asaan' and followed up at endline.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Randomization done by computer.
Randomization Unit
Was the treatment clustered?
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
29 colleges
Sample size: planned number of observations
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
29 women only public colleges in Lahore.
Treatment group: 1500 students
Control group: 1500 students
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB Name
Research Ethics Review Committee, Lahore School of Economics
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number