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Field Before After
Study Withdrawn No
Intervention Completion Date March 31, 2020
Data Collection Complete Yes
Final Sample Size: Number of Clusters (Unit of Randomization) 180 police stations: 120 treated, 60 control
Was attrition correlated with treatment status? No
Final Sample Size: Total Number of Observations At Endline: 180 police stations; 3251 users; 1961 police officers; 3376 citizens
Final Sample Size (or Number of Clusters) by Treatment Arms 61 "regular" treatment; 59 woman officer treatment
Public Data URL
Is there a restricted access data set available on request? No
Program Files Yes
Program Files URL
Data Collection Completion Date October 31, 2020
Is data available for public use? Yes
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Field Before After
Paper Abstract Gender-targeted police reforms are frequently proposed to tackle the global problem of rising yet underreported gender-based violence (GBV)—but with mixed and often disappointing results. We explore this issue in India, a country with alarming rates of GBV and limited police capacity, by studying the impact of Women’s Help Desks (WHDs): dedicated spaces for women in local police stations, staffed by trained officers. Drawing on the largest randomized controlled trial of a police reform to date (180 police stations serving 23.4 million people), we find that officers in stations with WHDs are more likely to register cases of GBV, particularly where female officers run the desks. This suggests that even in resource-constrained and patriarchal environments, police responsiveness can be improved by focusing and mainstreaming attention to women’s cases and by greater gender representation within the police.
Paper Citation Sukhtankar, Sandip, Gabrielle Kruks-Wisner, and Akshay Mangla. "Policing in patriarchy: An experimental evaluation of reforms to improve police responsiveness to women in India." Science 377, no. 6602 (2022): 191-198.
Paper URL
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