Outcomes (end points)
The following are the key outcome variables of interest in the first stage of the project:
1. Demand: Different levels of subsidies will create random variation in the effective prices faced by rural households. By comparing take-up rates at different prices, researchers will be able to trace out a demand curve for grid connections.
2. Costs: Different levels of subsidies will create random variation in the number of households applying for power at the same time. By connecting multiple households at the same time, utilities can experience significant economies of scale in transport, design, and low-voltage line costs. We will therefore estimate the effect of increasing scale (i.e. number of applications) on the average connection cost per household.
In the second stage of the project, we will examine the impacts of electrification on a range of outcomes, including energy consumption, household structure, productivity and wealth, consumption, health and wellbeing, education, social and political attitudes, and community outcomes.