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Real Competition
Last registered on September 25, 2019

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Real Competition
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0003522
Initial registration date
November 01, 2018
Last updated
September 25, 2019 8:41 AM EDT
Location(s)

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Primary Investigator
Affiliation
NHH Norwegian School of Economics
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
NHH Norwegian School of Economics
PI Affiliation
University of Amsterdam
Additional Trial Information
Status
In development
Start date
2018-10-29
End date
2020-11-30
Secondary IDs
Abstract
The setting in which willingness to compete is commonly studied in the lab differs from real- life competitive settings along two important dimensions (Niederle and Vesterlund, 2007),(Buser, Niederle, and Oosterbeek, 2014), (Almås, Cappelen, Salvanes, Sørensen, and Tungodden, 2016). 1. Competing in real life creates losers 2. Competing in real life either means competing against a selective group of people who also want to compete (selection) or forcing others into competition (forcing). We want to investigate whether these dimensions matter to people when deciding whether to compete and whether these dimensions have an impact on the gender difference in tournament
entry that is robustly found in the classical setting. This leads to the following research questions: 1. Are people more reluctant to compete if winning the competition creates a loser? 2. Do people take into account the selective nature of competition? That is, are they less likely to compete when competition is against others who have self-selected into competition? 3. Do men and women react differently to these factors? Furthermore, the competitiveness literature so far largely ignores issues of fairness. The same person might be willing to compete when competition is fair and refuse to compete when it is seems unfair. On the other hand, some people might be happy to compete when they receive an unfair advantage. Finally, in some settings, such as the workplace, starting to act competitively with others might force these others to compete themselves. The present study also provides an initial investigation of these issues.
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Buser, Thomas, Alexander Cappelen and Bertil Tungodden. 2019. "Real Competition." AEA RCT Registry. September 25. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.3522-2.0.
Former Citation
Buser, Thomas, Alexander Cappelen and Bertil Tungodden. 2019. "Real Competition." AEA RCT Registry. September 25. https://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/3522/history/54018.
Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
Intervention Start Date
2019-09-30
Intervention End Date
2019-12-02
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Willingness to compete
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
The setting in which willingness to compete is commonly studied in the lab differs from real- life competitive settings along two important dimensions (Niederle and Vesterlund, 2007),(Buser, Niederle, and Oosterbeek, 2014), (Almås, Cappelen, Salvanes, Sørensen, and Tungodden, 2016). 1. Competing in real life creates losers 2. Competing in real life either means competing against a selective group of people who also want to compete (selection) or forcing others into competition (forcing). We want to investigate whether these dimensions matter to people when deciding whether to compete and whether these dimensions have an impact on the gender difference in tournament
entry that is robustly found in the classical setting. This leads to the following research questions: 1. Are people more reluctant to compete if winning the competition creates a loser? 2. Do people take into account the selective nature of competition? That is, are they less likely to compete when competition is against others who have self-selected into competition? 3. Do men and women react differently to these factors? Furthermore, the competitiveness literature so far largely ignores issues of fairness. The same person might be willing to compete when competition is fair and refuse to compete when it is seems unfair. On the other hand, some people might be happy to compete when they receive an unfair advantage. Finally, in some settings, such as the workplace, starting to act competitively with others might force these others to compete themselves. The present study also provides an initial investigation of these issues.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
computer
Randomization Unit
individual
Was the treatment clustered?
No
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
NA
Sample size: planned number of observations
400 pupils
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
NA
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) IRB
IRB Approval Date
2018-10-20
IRB Approval Number
N/A
Analysis Plan

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