Improving skills in Bihar: how to improve training completion and placement into jobs?
Last registered on December 10, 2018


Trial Information
General Information
Improving skills in Bihar: how to improve training completion and placement into jobs?
Initial registration date
December 10, 2018
Last updated
December 10, 2018 2:17 PM EST

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Primary Investigator
university of warwick
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
University of Warwick
PI Affiliation
University of Warwick
PI Affiliation
University of Warwick
Additional Trial Information
In development
Start date
End date
Secondary IDs
J24, M51, M53
In recognition of the importance of the youth employment challenge in India, the Government of India launched Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushal Yojana (DDU-GKY) in 2014 across India. This is one of India's most prominent skills and job creation schemes. The scheme follows a Public-Private Partnership mode (PPP model), where registered private sector project implementation partners (PIAs) bid for government funds, and plan and implement skills training and job placement programs, targeting rural youth from poor families. After completion of training programs, trained individuals are placed in jobs which offer regular monthly wages.
The objective of the project is to shed new light on the determinants of attrition and job uptake/retention under DDU-GKY, which is a major concern for the PIAs. This project will use a randomised controlled trial to measure the influence of two interventions on training completion, and retention in employment post-training. The first intervention, to be carried out at the start of the training, will provide information regarding job specifications and working conditions in the placement jobs the trainees will be offered at the completion of the training. The second intervention, to be carried out at the end of the class-based training, will provide information to alleviate candidates' fears and doubts about starting a job and migrating far from home.
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Chakravorty, Bhaskar et al. 2018. "Improving skills in Bihar: how to improve training completion and placement into jobs? ." AEA RCT Registry. December 10.
Experimental Details
Intervention (A)
Objective: Provide information that help candidates to be better informed about the characteristics of the available placement jobs in terms of the location, wages, etc.
Intervention: The intervention takes place at the very beginning of the training. We gather trainees in a presentation room and provide them with a list of detailed characteristics of potentially available placement jobs. The list would include job title, company name, location (city and state), and compensation package. Trainees would have the opportunity to ask questions about the contents of the list.

Intervention (B)
Objective: Prepare trainees to the transition between training and work.
Intervention: The intervention takes place a few days before the start of the on-the-job training (the first step out of the centre) phase. This consists of a short training session at the training centre. Unlike the traditional job readiness modules that revolve around the principle to improve candidates' employability for employers, this session would be focused on candidates' fears and doubts about starting a job and migrating far from home. Aspects related to work, relations with the boss, with colleagues would be covered as well as aspects related to life in another city/state (access to healthcare, accommodation, where to get help).
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Training completion outcomes: Time spent in training, Entering the on-the-job training phase, Completing the on-the-job training,
Labour-market outcomes: Being placed into a job, Job retention (time spent on the job), Quality of the job, Satisfaction on the job.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Training completion outcomes: from the administrative data of the training provider.
Labour-market outcomes: from the endline survey and the administrative data of the training provider.
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
The experiment will be conducted as a randomised controlled trial with two arms, consisting of: (i) intervention A & B together, and (b) a control group (no intervention). The randomisation units are batches and the randomisation is stratified at the district*sector level.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
In the office by a computer.
Randomization Unit
Training batches.
Was the treatment clustered?
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
50 training batches.
Sample size: planned number of observations
2,000 trainees (about 40 trainees per batch).
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
25 training batches control, and 25 training batches as treatment.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
We are considering a power of 80% and a significance level of 5%. For the main outcome (retention in employment 3 months after placement), we assume a base mean of 70% and intra-correlation cluster of 0.1. The minimum detectable effect is 0.127 with 25 clusters per group and 40 observations per cluster.
IRB Name
Humanities and Social Science Research Ethics Committee, University of Warwick.
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number
Analysis Plan
Analysis Plan Documents