x

We are happy to announce that all trial registrations will now be issued DOIs (digital object identifiers). For more information, see here.
Gender differences in persistence in competitive educational and career tracks: pilot experiment
Last registered on March 23, 2019

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Gender differences in persistence in competitive educational and career tracks: pilot experiment
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0004040
Initial registration date
March 22, 2019
Last updated
March 23, 2019 8:29 PM EDT
Location(s)

This section is unavailable to the public. Use the button below to request access to this information.

Request Information
Primary Investigator
Affiliation
Wellesley College
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
Wellesley College
Additional Trial Information
Status
In development
Start date
2019-02-01
End date
2022-01-31
Secondary IDs
Abstract
The broad research agenda which includes this pilot RCT aims to examine the behavioral explanations for why women are underrepresented in highly competitive and male-dominated fields of study and subsequent careers like finance, economics, and technology. The pilot will inform us on how best to design the full RCT aimed at helping capable and interested female students persist in their major and career tracks. Using experimental methodology, we will investigate the way in which gender differences in perceptions of and reactions to information can lead to differences in persistence in competitive environments. The RCT will be conducted at an undergraduate institution and will gauge the effects of feedback combined with targeted information about past outcomes on the subsequent decision to pursue one's proposed major or career, particularly in STEM fields where women tend to be underrepresented. Building upon our previous results from a controlled online experiment, the field experiments will shed light on how behavioral traits and short-term decisions can drive long-term real-world educational and other economic outcomes.
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Shastry, Gauri Kartini and Olga Shurchkov. 2019. "Gender differences in persistence in competitive educational and career tracks: pilot experiment." AEA RCT Registry. March 23. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.4040-1.0.
Former Citation
Shastry, Gauri Kartini and Olga Shurchkov. 2019. "Gender differences in persistence in competitive educational and career tracks: pilot experiment." AEA RCT Registry. March 23. https://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/4040/history/44024.
Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
Intervention Start Date
2020-02-03
Intervention End Date
2021-01-31
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
(1) the attribution of noisy feedback information (midterm and other grades in a given course) to luck vs. own ability; (2) perceived “success” in the course; (3) changes to major/career track; (4) perceptions of instructor quality; (5) subsequent actual course and major selection; (6) grades in subsequent courses; (7) post-graduation outcomes (graduate school; first job).
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
The intervention will take place at an undergraduate institution. Students will be randomized into two treatments. In the control treatment no information beyond course grades and grade distributions would be provided. In the role model information treatment, students would will receive targeted information about real-world outcomes associated with receiving a particular grade.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
randomization done in office by a computer
Randomization Unit
course level
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
20 course sections
Sample size: planned number of observations
400 students
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
10 course sections control; 10 course sections treatment. The relatively small sample size is because this is a pilot to inform the design of a full-blown RCT.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
Wellesley College Institutional Review Board
IRB Approval Date
2019-01-31
IRB Approval Number
N/A (Baseline data collection approved and deemed exempt; IRB approval for main intervention is pending)