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Goal-setting, effort, and performance: Evidence from a field experiment in a physical education course
Last registered on April 17, 2019

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Goal-setting, effort, and performance: Evidence from a field experiment in a physical education course
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0004075
Initial registration date
April 04, 2019
Last updated
April 17, 2019 8:40 PM EDT
Location(s)

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Primary Investigator
Affiliation
Beijing Normal University
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
Beijing Normal University
PI Affiliation
Renming University of China
PI Affiliation
Beijing Normal University
Additional Trial Information
Status
In development
Start date
2019-04-06
End date
2020-06-30
Secondary IDs
Beijing Natural Science Foundation (No. 9192013), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 71503255), Research Funds of Renmin University of China (19XNB012), and Ministry of Education in China, Project of Humanities and Social Sciences (No. 18YJA790032)
Abstract
We investigate the effects of three different types of goal setting on effort provision and performance by conducting a field experiment in a college physical training course. Over the course of four weeks, students train to improve their performance of a physical task. We test for performance difference in this physical sport task across these treatments.
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
He, Haoran et al. 2019. "Goal-setting, effort, and performance: Evidence from a field experiment in a physical education course." AEA RCT Registry. April 17. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.4075-1.0.
Former Citation
He, Haoran et al. 2019. "Goal-setting, effort, and performance: Evidence from a field experiment in a physical education course." AEA RCT Registry. April 17. https://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/4075/history/45183.
Sponsors & Partners

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Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
Intervention Start Date
2019-04-06
Intervention End Date
2020-06-30
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Task performance: number of successful rope skipping jumps over a duration of 1 minute; corresponding grade score; number of failure times during the test
Effort measurements: changes in heart rate, oxygen saturation, respiratory rate, self-reported level of physical fatigue before and after for each test and some training tasks; calories expended during the test; maximum number of completion for some other training tasks.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Exercise frequency and intensity measures collected through card swiping records in the playground, gym and swimming pool: total/ valid length, total / valid times per semester, ranking among the undergraduates.
Physical fitness test results: undergraduate students are required to participate in the Physical fitness tests every year by the Ministry of Education, including BMI, Lung capacity, 50 meters running, sitting body flexion, standing long jump, pull-ups (male) / 1 minute sit-ups (female), 1000 meters running (male) / 800 meters running (female).
Health outcomes collected from the university hospital: number of times seeing doctors, when and in which department, number of times of being referred to a hospital of higher rank, medical payment, diagnosis and treatment plans, per semester.
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
About the data on student health outcomes collected from the on-campus hospital: all formally registered students at BNU receive compensation from their medical insurance only if they see doctors in the on-campus hospital first. If the need arises, they will then be referred to off-site hospitals.
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
Students, who take part in a graded, college physical training classes, are randomly assigned to one of three different types of goal-setting. We test for performance difference in a physical sport task across these treatments.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
randomization done in office by a computer. We employed a stratified randomization by class and gender.
Randomization Unit
The unit (clusters) of randomization in our experiment is at the individual student level.
Was the treatment clustered?
No
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
113 students
Sample size: planned number of observations
113 students in the physical training course in the Spring semester in 2019, each of whom has four weeks’ test and four training session data. Possibly adding students from the same course in subsequent semesters.
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
there are 30-40 students in each of the three treatments
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number
Analysis Plan

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