Community Policing and Public Trust: Pakistan

Last registered on December 17, 2020

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Community Policing and Public Trust: Pakistan
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0004383
Initial registration date
June 26, 2019
Last updated
December 17, 2020, 10:27 AM EST

Locations

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Primary Investigator

Affiliation
Institute of Development and Economic Alternatives

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS)
PI Affiliation
Princeton University

Additional Trial Information

Status
On going
Start date
2018-02-01
End date
2021-12-31
Secondary IDs
G30 General, K38 Human Rights Law • Gender Law, D73 Bureaucracy • Administrative Processes in Public Organizations • Corruption,K40 General
Abstract
This RCT examines the impact of two policing innovations in Pakistan: citizen-centric problem-oriented policing (CPOP) and gender inclusive citizen-centric problem-oriented policing (CPOP-G). The CPOP arm incorporates community engagement and problem-oriented
policing. The CPOP-G arm engages women in addition to men. Because local social norms prevent mixed-gender meetings, and because women may not be willing to discuss family and gender-related issues in mixed company, female constables in the CPOP-G arm will
conduct woman-only forums.

The study site is the Sheikhupura Range. Both arms will be piloted in Kasur district and the actual experiment run in Sheikhupura and Nakana districts. Key outcomes are: citizen perceptions of crime and safety; police perceptions of citizens; police activity as measured through surveys and administrative data; and crime levels measured through administrative data. We will use a wide range of administrative data as well as surveys of citizens and police to measure changes in policing practices.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Cheema, Ali, Ali Hasanain and Jacob Shapiro. 2020. "Community Policing and Public Trust: Pakistan." AEA RCT Registry. December 17. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.4383-2.0
Former Citation
Cheema, Ali et al. 2020. "Community Policing and Public Trust: Pakistan." AEA RCT Registry. December 17. https://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/4383/history/82138
Sponsors & Partners

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Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
This RCT examines the impact of two policing innovations in Pakistan: citizen-centric problem-oriented policing (CPOP) and gender inclusive citizen-centric problem-oriented policing (CPOP-G). The CPOP arm incorporates community engagement and problem-oriented
policing. The CPOP-G arm engages women in addition to men. Because local social norms prevent mixed-gender meetings, and because women may not be willing to discuss family and gender-related issues in mixed company, female constables in the CPOP-G arm will conduct woman-only forums.
Intervention Start Date
2019-02-18
Intervention End Date
2020-03-15

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
We have two main family of outcomes:
1. Individual Level Outcomes
2. Administrative Level Outcomes

1. a) Citizen attitudes
1. b) Citizen cooperation with police
1. c) Security of Life and Property
1. d) Police attitudes and time allocation

2. a) Rates of Crime and Violence
2. b) Police patrols
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
See pre analysis plan
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Randomization done in office by a computer
Randomization Unit
We choose beat because "beat" is the smallest administrative unit of police. Beats are assigned to Assistant Sub-Inspectors or Sub-Inspectors for patrolling, surveillance and collection of intelligence.
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
Our sample has 108 beats (cluster)
Sample size: planned number of observations
Each beat has 32 individuals making a total sample of 3456 individuals
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
Our sample has 108 beats i.e. 36 CPOP 36 CPOP-G and 36 Control beats
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
 For outcome measured with administrative crime data we are well powered to detect treatment effects of .25 SD and up.  For outcomes measured with surveys we are well powered to detect treatment effects of .15 SD and up for a dif-in-dif with one post-treatment round and .1 SD with two post-treatment rounds.  For spillovers measured with police surveys we are well powered to detect spillovers of 50 percent of the treatment size and up.  For spillovers measured with GPS logs we are highly powered to detect variation at the vehicle/day level.
IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Princeton University IRB
IRB Approval Date
2019-05-30
IRB Approval Number
0000007250
Analysis Plan

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