Changing Harmful Norms: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial on Female Genital Cutting

Last registered on August 07, 2019

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Changing Harmful Norms: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial on Female Genital Cutting
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0004517
Initial registration date
August 07, 2019

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
August 07, 2019, 5:04 PM EDT

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.

Locations

Region

Primary Investigator

Affiliation
Bocconi University

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
Bocconi University

Additional Trial Information

Status
On going
Start date
2019-02-23
End date
2021-03-30
Secondary IDs
Abstract
This project aims at evaluating an intervention to decrease the prevalence of female genital cutting (FGC) in Sierra Leone. In Sierra Leone, FGC is practiced as part of the initiation ritual for girls to join secret societies, sometimes referred to as ‘Bondo’. This study is a 3-arm randomized control trial, with two intervention groups and one control group. Data is collected at baseline, 6 months after the intervention, and 18 months after the intervention. This is done through the administration of questionnaires to mothers and non-invasive gynecological health checks with girls aged 7-15. There are two interventions being carried out at the village level. The first intervention is the presentation of visual information regarding the consequences of FGM for women. This information is presented through posters at community meetings, where the visual information is explained and discussion around the topics is facilitated. The second intervention works with the community to support Bondo without Cutting. That is, an intervention which supports the community in practicing initiation into the Bondo secret societies, but promotes shifting cutting to a different, non-harmful practice. The study will look at the prevalence of FGC amongst the study communities, as well as indicators such as shifts in perception or an increase in the age of those undergoing FGM.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Corno, Lucia and Eliana La Ferrara. 2019. "Changing Harmful Norms: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial on Female Genital Cutting." AEA RCT Registry. August 07. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.4517
Former Citation
Corno, Lucia and Eliana La Ferrara. 2019. "Changing Harmful Norms: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial on Female Genital Cutting." AEA RCT Registry. August 07. https://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/4517/history/51388
Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
Intervention Start Date
2019-04-10
Intervention End Date
2019-09-30

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Reduction in the prevalence of FGC in the treated communities; increase in the age of FGC in treated communities; decreases of support of FGC in treated communities
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Randomized controlled trial at the village level in 150 villages in 3 districts in Sierra Leone, randomly selected from the 2015 Census. The intervention arm was divided into two sub-arms: those receiving the visual information intervention and those receiving the Bondo without cutting intervention. Villages were randomly allocated to their treatment group prior to baseline data collection using STATA, with 50 villages assigned to each arm of the study. Mothers volunteered to participate in the study on a first-come basis, with 20-25 mothers interviewed in each community. Their daughters, aged 7-15 were then included in the health check.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Randomization was conducted using STATA.
Randomization Unit
Village
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
150 Villages
Sample size: planned number of observations
3,587 mother surveys and 4,684 daughter health checks were conducted in the baseline study.
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
50 villages control, 50 villages information only, 50 villages Bondo without cutting
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
UNIVERSITA COMMERCIALE LUIGI BOCCONI
IRB Approval Date
2018-07-18
IRB Approval Number
PA 70131-3

Post-Trial

Post Trial Information

Study Withdrawal

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Intervention

Is the intervention completed?
No
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?
No

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials