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Raskin Welfare Reform: Transition to Electronic Distributions
Initial registration date
September 13, 2019
June 16, 2020 10:09 AM EDT
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Other Primary Investigator(s)
Additional Trial Information
Raskin is a national program by the Government of Indonesia (GoI) that provides subsidized rice to the poor. It is the largest social assistance program in Indonesia and the first designated to transition from in-kind delivery to electronic distribution. The study aims to test two aspects of this transition: (1) whether the transition to electronic distribution improves program effectiveness and (2) how many electronic distribution agents are needed to provide effective program delivery to beneficiaries. The project is being conducted at the district level and comprises two components, involving a total of 278 districts. The first component is a randomized impact evaluation of the transition to electronic distribution among 105 districts deemed ready for transition in 2018. The second is a randomized control trial in 216 post-transition districts, testing two different sets of criteria for establishing the minimum level of electronic distribution agent coverage available to beneficiaries.
The interventions for the two project components are as follows:
(1) Impact evaluation: Transitioning the delivery of social assistance from in-kind rice assistance (i.e. Raskin) to electronic methods (i.e. BPNT)
(2) Agent ratio experiment: Varying the coverage requirements for electronic distribution agents that banks participating in BPNT delivery are asked to follow
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date
Primary Outcomes (end points)
The primary outcomes for the two project components are as follows:
(1) Impact evaluation: Total value of subsidy received, quality of rice, food security indicators
(2) Agent ratio experiment: Prices received at agent, quality of rice
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Our outcome data will come from SUSENAS, Indonesia's National Socioeconomic Survey.
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
(1) Impact evaluation: We worked with the Government of Indonesia to randomly select districts that would receive BPNT as part of the 2018 rollout. The rollout took place in four phases, with our treatment districts undergoing the transition in phases 2-4.
(2) Agent ratio experiment: We worked with the Government of Indonesia to randomly assign districts that had already transitioned to BPNT (including treatment group districts in the impact evaluation experiment) into two experimental groups of equal size (Group A and Group B). In Group A, the Government of Indonesia is requiring banks to fulfill a stricter set of agent coverage requirements than in Group B.
Experimental Design Details
Computer random number generator
Was the treatment clustered?
Sample size: planned number of clusters
(1) Impact evaluation: 105 districts
(2) Agent ratio experiment: 216 districts
Combined: 278 districts
Sample size: planned number of observations
(1) Impact evaluation: 65,000 households (approx.)
(2) Agent ratio experiment: 147,000 households (approx.)
Combined: 180,000 households (approx.)
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
(1) Impact evaluation: 42 districts BPNT (treatment), 63 districts Raskin (control)
(2) Agent ratio experiment: 108 districts Group A, 108 districts Group B
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number