Ultra Poor Graduation Pilot in Pakistan

Last registered on September 25, 2013


Trial Information

General Information

Ultra Poor Graduation Pilot in Pakistan
First published
September 25, 2013, 3:31 PM EDT

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.



Primary Investigator

Northwestern University

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
Université Catholique de Louvain

Additional Trial Information

On going
Start date
End date
Secondary IDs
The Ultra Poor Graduation Pilot in Pakistan is a part of the CGAP/Ford Foundation global initiative, currently being implemented in eight countries, that combines safety net programs with entrepreneurial activities to develop a graduation model for the poorest households. In September 2008, we conducted a baseline survey on 1,200 ultra-poor households in 65 villages in the coastal area of Sindh. Public lotteries were held in order to randomly select 600 households to receive the intervention. The treatment households received an intensive support package including: livelihood trainings, productive asset transfer, consumption support, savings plans, and healthcare. By investing in this multifaceted approach, the program strives to eliminate the need for long-term safety net services. A short consumption survey was carried out in September 2010, followed by a midline survey in September 2011 and an endline survey in February 2013.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Karlan, Dean and William Pariente. 2013. "Ultra Poor Graduation Pilot in Pakistan." AEA RCT Registry. September 25. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.48-1.0
Former Citation
Karlan, Dean and William Pariente. 2013. "Ultra Poor Graduation Pilot in Pakistan." AEA RCT Registry. September 25. https://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/48/history/404
Experimental Details


The Ultra Poor Graduation Pilot in Pakistan provided 600 treatment households in 65 villages of the coastal area of Sindh with a comprehensive support package. The households received a monthly stipend of Rs. 1000 ($12 US) for the first year to stabilize consumption. Next, households chose an asset and began livelihood training. Examples of livelihood activities include embroidery, raising livestock, fishing, and carpentry. Beneficiaries were also encouraged to save. Lady Health Visitors worked with some of the partners to provide health services to participating households.
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Income, assets, consumption, school attendance of children, health and food security
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
Eligible households for the Ultra Poor Graduation Pilot in Pakistan were identified using a Participatory Wealth Ranking (PWR), a method that engages villagers in creating an economic ranking of all households in a community. After the economic status of eligible families was verified, households were randomly assigned to either a treatment or comparison group.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Public lottery
Randomization Unit
Was the treatment clustered?

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
1200 households
Sample size: planned number of observations
1200 households
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
600 Treatment and 600 Control
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Yale University Institutional Review Board
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number


Post Trial Information

Study Withdrawal

There is information in this trial unavailable to the public. Use the button below to request access.

Request Information


Is the intervention completed?
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials