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Field Before After
Status in_development completed
Trial End Date December 31, 2019 January 31, 2020
Last Published November 08, 2019 10:13 AM January 03, 2022 05:18 AM
Intervention Completion Date January 31, 2020
Data Collection Complete Yes
Final Sample Size: Number of Clusters (Unit of Randomization) As planed: 457 subjects.
Final Sample Size: Total Number of Observations As planed: 457 subjects x 3 emails, giving 1371 observations.
Final Sample Size (or Number of Clusters) by Treatment Arms High literacy Czech: 347 emails. Low literacy Czech: 348 emails. High literacy Roma: 351 emails. Low literacy Czech: 325 emails.
Public Data URL
Program Files Yes
Program Files URL
Data Collection Completion Date January 31, 2020
Is data available for public use? Yes
Keyword(s) Governance Governance
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Field Before After
Paper Abstract This paper tests for discriminatory treatment of the Roma minority by public officials in the Czech Republic. Our focus is on public servants at local job centers whose job is to advise unemployed individuals and process applications for unemployment benefit. Our experimental design facilitates testing for the presence of each of two key (but intertwined) drivers of discrimination: ethnic animus and socioeconomic status prejudice. We find substantial evidence for the presence of discrimination based on both of these sources. Since Roma tend to have lower socioeconomic status, the two sources of discrimination compound for them.
Paper Citation PapersMikula, Štˇepán, and Josef Montag. 2021. Roma and Bureaucrats: A Field Experiment in the CzechRepublic. Department of Economics, Faculty of Law, Charles University. Online at
Paper URL
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