Can Social Contact Reduce Economic Conflict between Farmers and Herders? Evidence from Nigeria
Last registered on February 19, 2020

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Can Social Contact Reduce Economic Conflict between Farmers and Herders? Evidence from Nigeria
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0005457
Initial registration date
February 13, 2020
Last updated
February 19, 2020 3:30 PM EST
Location(s)

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Primary Investigator
Affiliation
University of Chicago & Innovations for Poverty Action
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
University of Chicago
PI Affiliation
University of Chicago
Additional Trial Information
Status
On going
Start date
2019-11-01
End date
2021-08-31
Secondary IDs
Abstract
In this study we will investigate whether “contact” can help resolve the endemic farmer-herder conflicts in Nigeria. The Contact Hypothesis postulates that contact between groups can resolve conflicts, yet causal evidence of its effect on active conflicts is limited. Our study will provide the first field experimental micro evidence on whether, and how, contact influences conflict. In collaboration with an NGO, we will conduct a RCT that convenes inter-dialogues with farmers and herders in 63 communities. Our analysis will test whether contact can reduce conflict even when the underlying conflict is economic in nature. In addition, we will provide the first evidence on potential mechanisms through which contact influences conflict. Specifically, we will examine whether this works via the more traditional economic channels of information revelation and commitment, or whether behavioral channels such as de-humanization and the creation of new social links serve as the key mechanisms.
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Dube, Oeindrila, Soeren Henn and James Robinson. 2020. "Can Social Contact Reduce Economic Conflict between Farmers and Herders? Evidence from Nigeria." AEA RCT Registry. February 19. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.5457-1.0.
Sponsors & Partners

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Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
Intervention Start Date
2020-03-02
Intervention End Date
2021-06-30
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Conflict, cooperation and economic production.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
The intervention consists of inter-dialogue workshops between farmer and herder communities in the Middle Belt of Nigeria. These bring together farmers and herders in two to three-day sessions over which they collectively discuss key challenges and sources of tension within their community.
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Randomization done in office by a computer
Randomization Unit
Community
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
189 communities
Sample size: planned number of observations
2137
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
63 inter-dialogue treatment, 63 health workshop and 63 control communities.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
University of Chicago
IRB Approval Date
2019-09-13
IRB Approval Number
IRB19-1163