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Behavioral Insights on Women’s Employment in Ethiopia
Initial registration date
March 23, 2020
July 31, 2020 11:43 AM EDT
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Other Primary Investigator(s)
Additional Trial Information
Ethiopia’s Industrial Parks have created a large number of job opportunities for low-skilled workers in recent years, particularly women. However, existing research on women who receive offers of factory jobs in these parks has often found low take-up rates and high turnover, particularly at early stages of employment. This study explores potential explanations for this low take-up and high turnover, as well as women’s broader labor supply decisions in this context. The sample will be 600 women who express interest in factory jobs, by presenting themselves at the factory gate at the Bole Lemi Industrial Park when hiring opportunities are announced. We will conduct a baseline session consisting of a survey and incentivized activities to elicit preferences and behavioral traits. We will conduct a follow-up survey with the same women after approximately three months, to measure whether women took up factory jobs or other opportunities, and their short-term retention.
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Employment, beliefs and expectations about employment
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
During the baseline session, women will participate in a survey questionnaire and a set of incentivized activities to elicit preferences and behavioral traits.
The survey measures women’s demographic characteristics, their work history, unincentivized measures of their beliefs and expectations (both about factory work and outside employment options), and standard self-reported survey measures of the following traits: grit, self-efficacy, planning, and conscientiousness. The survey also contains an unincentivized measure of cognitive ability, inspired by the Raven’s matrices task. The incentivized activities will use incentive-compatible tasks to elicit time preferences, risk preferences, and preferences over different systems of remuneration for a real effort task. Respondents will be paid for one of their choices in one of the incentivized activities, as randomly selected by a lottery. If applicable, they will be required to carry out the real effort task under the conditions described by the selected question in order to receive their remuneration.
The follow-up phone survey will take place after approximately three months, and will measure whether women took up factory jobs or other opportunities, their short-term retention, and any revisions to their beliefs or expectations about factory jobs or other opportunities.
Experimental Design Details
Respondents will be paid for one of their choices in one of the incentivized activities, as randomly selected by a lottery. The participant will draw numbered balls from a bag, while sitting one-on-one with the enumerator, to determine which activity and which question within that activity will be paid.
Was the treatment clustered?
Sample size: planned number of clusters
Sample size: planned number of observations
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
N/A. This is a baseline and endline survey with no treatment as such. The randomized component is incentivization by random lottery draw of which choice in which task in the baseline activities will be implemented and paid for each respondent.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number