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Hiring Discrimination Based on Gender in Startup Companies
Initial registration date
July 01, 2020
July 02, 2020 1:43 PM EDT
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Other Primary Investigator(s)
Additional Trial Information
The study is derived from the initial idea that companies tend to hire employees with similar demographics to their current employees and/or leadership, which may lead to discrimination against underrepresented groups, such as women. This will be explored specifically in startups, where companies tend to be smaller and gender dynamics are a major topic of public discussion. The study will investigate whether or not gender discrimination can be observed at the initial applicant screening portion of the hiring process, and how any detected discrimination relates to the gender demographic and other characteristics of the company’s leadership, as can be determined through online research. Furthermore, if a large enough sample size can be obtained, the study will examine how gender discrimination might differ across types of firms and job titles within the startup world.
The intervention is the gender of the applicant, as signalled by the name on the resume.
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date
Primary Outcomes (end points)
The response to a job application: no response, rejection, or request for follow-up.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
A correspondence study involves sending a collection of mock resumes to different companies. The mock resumes are all near-identical, the only differences being minor changes that signal the gender of the applicant (e.g. the name, sorority vs. fraternity, etc.). Some studies send both male/female-signaled resumes to each company, but I will be sending one or the other to each company in a randomized way to reduce the chance of the study being detected. For a period after the applications are all submitted, the responses from the companies are monitored and recorded. Protecting the integrity of this type of study is key; the companies should never know that the mock resumes sent were not real. There will be no follow-up correspondence unless necessary (e.g. to deny offers to continue with the interview process), in order to minimize interruption of the companies’ normal functions and prevent detection.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization is done through R software.
The gender of the applicant for each firm is randomized.
Was the treatment clustered?
Sample size: planned number of clusters
Sample size: planned number of observations
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
~1,000 male, 1,000 female
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
Yale University Institutional Review Boards
IRB Approval Date