Effect of topical black pepper essential oil application on peripheral intravenous catheter insertion: A Randomized Controlled Study

Last registered on June 03, 2020

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Effect of topical black pepper essential oil application on peripheral intravenous catheter insertion: A Randomized Controlled Study
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0005960
Initial registration date
June 03, 2020
Last updated
June 03, 2020, 10:16 AM EDT

Locations

Region

Primary Investigator

Affiliation
Yalova University

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
Karamanoglu mehmetbey University
PI Affiliation
Karamanoglu mehmetbey University

Additional Trial Information

Status
Completed
Start date
2019-04-30
End date
2020-04-30
Secondary IDs
Abstract
Aim and objective: To determine the effects of topical black pepper essential oil application on peripheral intravenous catheter insertion success.
Background: The vein degree is directly related to successful catheter insertion. There are many techniques to increase vein degree. However, there is only one research examining the effect of black pepper essential oil on vein degree and success of peripheral catheter insertion success.
Design: A Randomized controlled study design was used.
Methods: The CONSORT guidelines have been used to describe the methods. 60 patients who are applying the endoscopy unit were randomly assigned to either the experimental group (30) and the control group (30). In the experimental group, black pepper essential oil was used to increase vein degree, and in the control group, no extra interventions were applied. The duration spent on determining an appropriate vein, and the duration of successful catheter insertion were recorded.
Results: Significant improvements in vein visibility and palpability were detected after the oil application within the experimental group (p1<0.001). The period of appropriate vein selection and the period of successfully catheter insertion decreased statistically meaningful (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Topical black pepper oil application can increase the vein degree and the success of the procedure.
Relevance to clinical practice: Black pepper essential oil, easy to use, and low cost can be used before catheter placement to increase the degree of the vein.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Aslan, Ahmet , handan EREN and Ayse Sonay Turkmen. 2020. "Effect of topical black pepper essential oil application on peripheral intravenous catheter insertion: A Randomized Controlled Study." AEA RCT Registry. June 03. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.5960-1.0
Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
Intervention Start Date
2019-05-01
Intervention End Date
2019-10-30

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
period of successful catheter insertion
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
PIVC placement is frequently performed by nurses. As the vein visibility decreases, the placement of peripheral intravenous catheter becomes difficult. Therefore, the duration of the procedure increases, and the number of attempts increases. Repeated catheterizations increase the anxiety level of the patients. This increased anxiety level negatively affects the patients’and nurses’ satisfaction with the procedure. This situation also leads to an increase in the nurses’ work load and the cost per patient. Using black pepper essential oil allows for better visibility. The duration of catheterization procedures, and the patients’ anxiety level decrease IV catheter insertion becomes easier for both patients and nurses.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Before patients were taken to the groups, using SPSS package program randomization table has been prepared and patients have been taken into groups as per the table being formed.
Randomization Unit
No
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
65 patients
Sample size: planned number of observations
60
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
30=experimental
30=control group
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number

Post-Trial

Post Trial Information

Study Withdrawal

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Intervention

Is the intervention completed?
No
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?
No

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials