Behavioral Experiments in Data Privacy

Last registered on September 03, 2020

Pre-Trial

Trial Information

General Information

Title
Behavioral Experiments in Data Privacy
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0006047
Initial registration date
June 24, 2020
Last updated
September 03, 2020, 2:37 AM EDT

Locations

Region
Region

Primary Investigator

Affiliation
Busara

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
Busara
PI Affiliation
Busara

Additional Trial Information

Status
Completed
Start date
2020-03-31
End date
2020-07-15
Secondary IDs
Abstract
With the penetration of technology into new markets, there are a number of questions around data privacy that have been insufficiently studied. Moreover, many of the core issues in data privacy are behavioral in nature, such as the intention-action gap and hyperbolic discounting manifested by consumers. We will study two key aspects of data privacy behaviors: 1) How to make consumers more privacy-conscious through different dissemination techniques of privacy policy agreements and streamlining the consent process to make it more effective and 2) Privacy as a business advantage for industry through exploration of privacy disclosure, control over data, and ways of sharing data. This study incorporates an experimental approach. We test people’s revealed preferences for sharing data through lab games programmed on computers and understand their stated preferences through vignettes and survey questions. Our results will be used to demonstrate methods that make users engage more with consent and privacy policies and allow businesses to benefit from more aware consumers and improved data sharing practices.
External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Citation
Singh, Jaspreet, James Vancel and Dhwani Yagnaraman. 2020. "Behavioral Experiments in Data Privacy." AEA RCT Registry. September 03. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.6047-2.1
Sponsors & Partners

Partner

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Experimental Details

Interventions

Intervention(s)
The interventions of this study consisted of visual cues or primes, which accompanied a standard privacy policy. These primes varied in the number of units and amount of visual and written content they contained. All the interventions appeared at the same point during the experiment for all respondents. The interventions can be grouped into five main categories: star ratings, usage case, costly signalling, summary infographic, and cool-down period.
Intervention Start Date
2020-03-31
Intervention End Date
2020-07-15

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
Willingness to part with sensitive information, Willingness to share information for personalisation
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Willingness to part with sensitive information: This is constructed from 30 yes-or-no questions that vary in sensitivity. The number of "Yes" responses will be added to create a count ranging from 0 to 30, which will be used as a proxy for willingness to part with sensitive information.
Willingness to share information for personalisation: This outcome will consist of a count from 0 to 10. Respondents will be asked if they are willing to answer a certain question and then will be asked the question. The number of questions they say they will answer will be calibrated into the count and used as a proxy for willingness to share information for personalisation.

Manipulation checks: These consist of a set of questions about the privacy policy and check whether respondents remember and have understood the privacy policy. We will be adding these up to create a variable that captures the number of correct responses.

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Manipulation checks
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
These consist of a set of questions about the privacy policy and check whether respondents remember and have understood the privacy policy. We will be adding these up to create a variable that captures the number of correct responses.

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
This study will be conducted as an experimental randomised control trial with an online sample. Respondents will be randomly allocated to one of twelve treatment groups. They will be presented with the same privacy policy, which is followed by an intervention. The intervention will be based on the group they are assigned. They will then play some lab games and answer a series of questions. After this, they will complete the manipulation checks and finish with the experiment.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
The randomisation will be done by Qualtrics, the survey platform employed for this study.
Randomization Unit
Individual
Was the treatment clustered?
No

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
Not Applicable
Sample size: planned number of observations
3000
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
250-300
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
0.268
Supporting Documents and Materials

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IRB

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
Amref Ethics and Scientific Review Committee
IRB Approval Date
2020-03-23
IRB Approval Number
P738/2020
Analysis Plan

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Post-Trial

Post Trial Information

Study Withdrawal

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Intervention

Is the intervention completed?
Yes
Intervention Completion Date
July 04, 2020, 12:00 +00:00
Data Collection Complete
Yes
Data Collection Completion Date
July 04, 2020, 12:00 +00:00
Final Sample Size: Number of Clusters (Unit of Randomization)
India: 3349
Kenya: 2455
Was attrition correlated with treatment status?
No
Final Sample Size: Total Number of Observations
India: 3349
Kenya: 2455
Final Sample Size (or Number of Clusters) by Treatment Arms
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?
No

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Program Files

Program Files
No
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials