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Portable Seclusion: Religious Head Scarf and Labor Force Participation
Last registered on July 13, 2020


Trial Information
General Information
Portable Seclusion: Religious Head Scarf and Labor Force Participation
Initial registration date
June 25, 2020
Last updated
July 13, 2020 4:50 AM EDT
Primary Investigator
Bocconi University
Other Primary Investigator(s)
Additional Trial Information
On going
Start date
End date
Secondary IDs
The research aims at revealing the perception of young women (and men) about the role of (religious) headscarf for female integration in the public sphere. In particular, it attempts to understand the rationale behind the use of head scarf among young female women in the context of contemporary Muslim society. The hypothesis tested here is that the headscarf is used by young female population to smoothen their transition into the labor market. The particular mechanism we are interested in is to see whether young female women (and men) perceived that wearing this religious garb could help these young females to avoid/compensate the stigma from taking jobs that require them to venture beyond their domestic compound.

External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Shofia, Naila. 2020. "Portable Seclusion: Religious Head Scarf and Labor Force Participation." AEA RCT Registry. July 13. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.6049-1.1.
Sponsors & Partners
Experimental Details
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Approval for public-facing jobs
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
The outcome is calculated as percentage of respondents who approve public facing job for the respective subject described in the vignette.
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
1) Perception about the moral values
2) Perception about marriage market potential
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
Respondents will be randomly allocated to receive different profiles and different job advertisements. They will then be asked to choose a job that is suitable for the subject.
Experimental Design Details
This is a survey experiment using a survey mobile app. The respondents will be shown hypothetical profiles and job advertisements in two rounds. In each round, the respondents in different groups will be shown a vignette with a profile of the same female subject (actress) with a photograph where the subject is not veiled in control condition, but is veiled in the treatment condition. The respondents will then be asked to choose a job that they think is suitable for the subject described in the vignette. The choice of jobs are between an online job--which does not formally require the subject to leave their home--and a public facing job. In the second round, the respondents will be shown different female subject than the first round (but similar subject across groups, with different veil treatment across treatment groups) and then will be asked to choose a job (online vs. public facing) that they think is suitable for the subject in the vignette. After the two rounds of job compatibility perception, the respondents will then be asked about their perception on different traits related the subject featured in the vignettes. In particular, these traits are related to subject's moral values and subject's desirability in the marriage market. These treatments will be expanded to include different level of wage for public facing job, while wage for online job is kept constant. Hence, we have different wage differential (gap) between online and public facing job. I plan to have six different wage level of public facing job.
Randomization Method
Simple randomization done in office by a computer
Randomization Unit
The unit of randomization is individual.
Was the treatment clustered?
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
No cluster
Sample size: planned number of observations
I plan to have 2688 respondents.
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
I plan to have 672 in each treatment arms.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB Name
The Ethics Committee of Bocconi University
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number
Analysis Plan

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Post Trial Information
Study Withdrawal
Is the intervention completed?
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Data Publication
Data Publication
Is public data available?
Program Files
Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials
Relevant Paper(s)