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SMS GIRL: Sending Messages about Schooling: Gender Innovation for Re-Enrolment and Learning
Last registered on August 11, 2020

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
SMS GIRL: Sending Messages about Schooling: Gender Innovation for Re-Enrolment and Learning
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0006088
Initial registration date
July 13, 2020
Last updated
August 11, 2020 5:30 PM EDT
Location(s)

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Primary Investigator
Affiliation
World Bank
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
University of Illinois at Chicago
PI Affiliation
World Bank
PI Affiliation
World Bank
PI Affiliation
World Bank
PI Affiliation
LUMS
Additional Trial Information
Status
In development
Start date
2020-07-15
End date
2022-06-30
Secondary IDs
Abstract
COVID-19 related school closures in Pakistan put girls’ enrollment at risk due to three main exclusion mechanisms: (1) income shocks may interact with gender bias in household investment in girl’s education, (2) shift in intra-household roles which, if become permanent, may prompt girls’ dropouts, and (3) perceptions of heightened risk of attending school which have been shown to be biased against girls. This RCT will evaluate interventions that target these three different mechanisms by running text messaging and a social mobilization campaign in the form three different treatments: (1) campaign to promote girls participation in distance education and to return to school when schools reopen, (2) campaign to promote enrollment in the girls’ stipend program in place in 16 districts in Punjab, and (3), when schools reopen, a campaign to promote awareness of the safety measures in place at schools.
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Geven, Koen et al. 2020. "SMS GIRL: Sending Messages about Schooling: Gender Innovation for Re-Enrolment and Learning." AEA RCT Registry. August 11. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.6088-1.2000000000000002.
Sponsors & Partners
Sponsor(s)
Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
Treatment 1: Text message and phone campaign to promote girls participation in distance education and to return to school when schools reopen.

Treatment 2: Text message and phone campaign to promote enrollment in the girls’ stipend program in place in 16 districts in Punjab

Treatment 3: Text message, phone and social mobilization campaign to promote awareness of the safety measures in place at schools
Intervention Start Date
2020-08-01
Intervention End Date
2021-03-31
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Girls’ learning outcomes, school enrollment, school attendance, girls’ time-use (studying, household chores, working, etc.)
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
For districts in which the girls’ stipend is available Treatment 1 (messaging about distance learning) and 2 (messaging about girls' stipends) will be randomized at the student level stratified by sampled school and each treatment, i.e.: students in each sampled school will be assigned to receive Treatment 1 (messaging about distance learning) and Treatment 2 (messaging about girls' stipends) or Treatment 1 (messaging about distance learning) alone or Treatment 2 (messaging about girls' stipends) alone or neither.

For districts without the girls’ stipend, Treatment 1 (messaging about distance learning) will be randomized within sampled schools, i.e.: students in each school assigned either to Treatment 3 (social mobilization) or not.

Treatment 3 is a cluster RCT; sampled schools will be selected at random either to receive the treatment or not.


Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Randomization is done in office by a computer.
Randomization Unit
Treatment 1 (messaging about distance learning) and Treatment 2 (messaging about girls' stipends) are randomized at the student level. Treatment 3 (social mobilization) is a cluster RCT; sampled schools will be selected at random either to receive the treatment or not.


Was the treatment clustered?
Yes
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
Treatment 3 (social mobilization): 400 schools in each arm, 800 schools total
Sample size: planned number of observations
Treatment 3 (social mobilization): 400 in each arm, 800 total
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
Treatments 1: 3,500 to 4,000 in treatment, and 3,500 to 4,000 in control
Treatment 2: 1,000 to 1,300 in treatment, and 1,000 to 1,300 in control
Treatment 3 (social mobilization): 7,000 to 8,000 girls within 400 treatment schools and 400 controls
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
LUMS IRB
IRB Approval Date
2020-07-13
IRB Approval Number
LUMS-IRB/07012020RM