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Impact of socioemotional skills training to help mitigate the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic for agribusiness owners in Nigeria
Initial registration date
July 09, 2020
July 10, 2020 10:03 AM EDT
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Other Primary Investigator(s)
Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA)
Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA)
Additional Trial Information
The impact evaluation will measure the impacts of a skills intervention that will be delivered remotely to help build confidence and resilience to promote economic empowerment during and beyond COVID-19. The intervention will focus on social and emotional skills to support an individual to set goals, plan and persevere in order to succeed despite any obstacles or crises they may face. The skills intervention will be offered through smartphones to beneficiaries of the Nigeria Women and Youth Empowerment Program (WYEP) within component II of the Agro-Processing, Productivity Enhancement and Livelihood Improvement Support (APPEALS) project that promotes entrepreneurship in the agribusiness sector and targets young men (aged between 18 and 40 years) and women (over age 18). The World Bank’s Africa Region Gender Innovation Lab (AFRGIL), in collaboration with the National Coordinating Office (NCO) for the APPEALS WYEP project, is conducting a randomized controlled trial (RCT) impact evaluation of the skills intervention. The impact evaluation will evaluate the impacts of socioemotional skills training support that will cover a large spectrum of both intra- and interpersonal skills including stress management, self-confidence, planning, empathy, relatedness and negotiation, among others. In addition, the marginal impact of emotional reinforcement from a spouse or household member identified as a support person who also receives the socioemotional skills intervention will be evaluated.
Das, Smita et al. 2020. "Impact of socioemotional skills training to help mitigate the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic for agribusiness owners in Nigeria." AEA RCT Registry. July 10.
The socioemotional skills intervention will be provided through interactive messages and short videos sent via smartphones that will help the beneficiary do the emotional work towards positive change and take actions towards their goals. All video messaging content will be designed by a consultant with experience in socioemotional skills curricula in collaboration with the research team at the World Bank Africa Gender Innovation Lab. Building on the economic support that is provided by the World Bank's Nigeria Women and Youth Empowerment Program (WYEP) within component II of the Agro-Processing, Productivity Enhancement and Livelihood Improvement Support (APPEALS) project, in terms of technical training and grants, we plan to provide remote socioemotional skills support to male and female beneficiaries of the WYEP who opt-in to the messaging program, as well as their spouse or a named individual within their household. An experienced firm who is specialized in psychology will be contracted to develop the curriculum for the socioemotional skills focusing on both interpersonal and intrapersonal skills. The messaging will be sensitive to gender, language and culture of each of the states in Nigeria.
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Psychological constructs/psychosocial outcomes; Gender attitudes; Enterprise-level outcomes (e.g. profits and business practies); and Wellbeing (income, consumption and women's empowerment).
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Psychological constructs include indices measuring: Generalized self-efficacy, Problem Solving and Decision Making, Relatedness (Interpersonal measure); Emotional Regulation, Influence, and Fear and Anxiety. Women's Empowerment measure will follow the PRO-WEAI guidance.
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
The World Bank’s Africa Region Gender Innovation Lab (AFRGIL) will conduct a randomized controlled trial (RCT) impact evaluation of the messaging campaign. Beneficiaries who opt-in to the messaging campaign will be divided into groups, with random assignment stratified by gender by state:
• Group A (Control Group): Receives placebo messaging on COVID-19 preventions only.
• Group B (Treatment 1): Receive messaging on COVID-19 preventions and receive messaging on socioemotional skills (combination of intrapersonal skills and interpersonal skills).
• Group C (Treatment 2): Main recipient will receive messaging on COVID-19 preventions and receive messaging on socioemotional skills (combination of intrapersonal skills and interpersonal skills) plus their spouse or identified “support person” in the household receives same messaging (combination of intrapersonal skills and interpersonal skills).
Experimental Design Details
Randomization done in office on Stata.
Was the treatment clustered?
Sample size: planned number of clusters
Sample size: planned number of observations
5000-6000 individuals (male and female)
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
Sample size of 700 per treatment arm per gender.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
Based on the power calculations, we propose at least a sample size of 700 per treatment arm per gender. The stratification by state helps to reduce noise by accounting for some of the (location dependent) variance in outcome measures. The proposed sample size will allow for an assessment of the overall impact of the SMS-based socioemotional skills on beneficiaries as well as an analysis by gender, as well as cross-randomization with individual-level SMS-based interventions related to the reinforcement of socioemotional skills to a spouse or a support person. (See Concept Note document for further information).
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
Health Media Lab (HML) IRB
IRB Approval Date