Gay Attitudes in the Developing World

Last registered on July 24, 2020


Trial Information

General Information

Gay Attitudes in the Developing World
Initial registration date
July 23, 2020

Initial registration date is when the trial was registered.

It corresponds to when the registration was submitted to the Registry to be reviewed for publication.

First published
July 24, 2020, 10:34 AM EDT

First published corresponds to when the trial was first made public on the Registry after being reviewed.



Primary Investigator

EBRD and King's College London

Other Primary Investigator(s)

PI Affiliation
Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance
PI Affiliation
ifo Center for Macroeconomics and Surveys
PI Affiliation
Vanderbilt University

Additional Trial Information

In development
Start date
End date
Secondary IDs
The exclusion of sexual minorities (LGB: lesbian, gay, bisexual) from full participation in society with equal opportunity and dignity is an important human rights issue and one that is increasingly recognized by international bodies and national governments in all regions of the world. The recognition and achievement of human rights for LGB people is currently on the agenda of many European countries. For example, as of July 2020, sixteen European countries legally recognize and perform same-sex marriages (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, and the Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom) and an additional fourteen European countries legally recognize some form of civil union (Andorra, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Montenegro, San Marino, Slovenia, and Switzerland).

However, several Eastern European countries are lagging behind when it comes to recognizing the human rights of the LGB population and/or any form of same-sex unions. Therefore, this study aims to understand the public attitudes for the LGB population in three non-EU member Eastern European countries: Serbia, Turkey, and Ukraine. In particular, this project aims to understand how attitudes towards the LGB population are affected by information treatments on (i) economic inclusion and (ii) debunking myths about sexual minorities. To do so, we will
conduct an online experiment, which will enable us to investigate differential information treatment effects on LGB attitudes.

External Link(s)

Registration Citation

Aksoy, Cevat Giray et al. 2020. "Gay Attitudes in the Developing World." AEA RCT Registry. July 24.
Experimental Details


Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date

Primary Outcomes

Primary Outcomes (end points)
A set of of LGB attitude related outcomes
Primary Outcomes (explanation)

Secondary Outcomes

Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)

Experimental Design

Experimental Design
The experimental component of our research design consists of the random provision of information about the economic returns to having non-discriminatory policies on the basis of sexual orientation, on the status of homosexuality in the classifications of mental disorders and (as a “placebo” control treatment) on the population density of respondents' home countries. In particular, we randomly assign respondents to one of three information treatments that they receive at the beginning of the survey, right after a short question block eliciting basic demographics.

Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Randomization done in office by a computer.
Randomization Unit
Was the treatment clustered?

Experiment Characteristics

Sample size: planned number of clusters
3 groups
Sample size: planned number of observations
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
700 respondents per treatment group
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)

Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

IRB Name
King's College London
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number
MRA-19/20- 2010
Analysis Plan

There is information in this trial unavailable to the public. Use the button below to request access.

Request Information


Post Trial Information

Study Withdrawal

There is information in this trial unavailable to the public. Use the button below to request access.

Request Information


Is the intervention completed?
Data Collection Complete
Data Publication

Data Publication

Is public data available?

Program Files

Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials

Relevant Paper(s)

Reports & Other Materials