Urban Property Rights in Mongolia
Last registered on April 17, 2017

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Urban Property Rights in Mongolia
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0000621
Initial registration date
March 10, 2015
Last updated
April 17, 2017 4:57 PM EDT
Location(s)
Region
Primary Investigator
Affiliation
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
Duke University
PI Affiliation
University of Pennsylvania
PI Affiliation
Ryerson University
PI Affiliation
University of Texas at Austin
Additional Trial Information
Status
Withdrawn
Start date
2011-12-01
End date
2015-09-30
Secondary IDs
Abstract
Do property and land rights lead to better access to credit and increased investments in one’s land? This study takes place in Mongolia where many recent migrants to urban areas lack property rights. Researchers are evaluating the impact of a program that provides direct assistance to households seeking to privatize and register land plots. They will measure the program’s impact on the migrants’ access to credit, investment in land and housing, property values, labor market outcomes, and household income.


Policy Issue:
Having a well-defined system of land and property rights is thought to be extremely important for increasing investment, as ownership of land may incentivize investment by ensuring that tenants receive the long-term returns from improving their land. Property rights may also be an important component in access to credit, since land can be used as a collateral asset and increase the likelihood of a borrower receiving a loan. Large land-titling policies have been undertaken in several developing countries, particularly in South America and Southeast Asia in order to increase land investments and income security.

Context of the Evaluation:
More and more poor rural Mongolians are abandoning traditional nomadic herding practices and migrating to the cities in search of better lives. The bulk of these migrants are moving to Mongolia’s three biggest cities – Ulaanbaatar, Erdenet and Darkhan – where they either settle in suburban “ger areas” or peri-urban rangeland areas, often creating informal settlements. Mongolian laws give ger area residents the right to obtain ownership to the land upon which they live. However, the complexity and expense of this process make it difficult to become an owner and thus use the land as a marketable asset.

The Urban Property Rights Project aims to improve the formal system for recognizing and transferring land rights to ger area residents. This effort includes legal and regulatory reform, upgrading the technology necessary for accurate land parcel mapping, and providing direct assistance to households to privatize and register their land plots. The project is being carried out in Ulaanbaatar and eight other regional centers.

External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Field, Erica et al. 2017. "Urban Property Rights in Mongolia." AEA RCT Registry. April 17. https://www.socialscienceregistry.org/trials/621/history/16642
Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
This evaluation focuses on the land titling component of the project known as the Privatization and Registration of Ger Area Land Plots Activity. This component will provide direct assistance to thousands of households seeking to privatize and register land plots in urban ger areas. A random subset of eligible houses in the area will be randomly chosen to receive door-to-door assistance with the registration process. This assistance will include support for both the necessary paperwork as well as the registration fees.
Intervention Start Date
2012-03-01
Intervention End Date
2013-08-31
Outcomes
Outcomes (end points)
After the program is implemented, the researchers will evaluate its impact on access to credit, investment in land and housing, property values, labor market outcomes and household income using both household level surveys and aggregate institutional data.
Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
The study population are residents of untitled land plots in the three largest cities in Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Darkhan, and Erdenet. Three large districts of Ulaanbaatar and all areas of Darkhan and Erdenet were included in the study. Randomization was done on the level of neighborhood (known as kheseg in Mongolian) and 1/2 of the neighborhoods of Ulaanbaatar and 2/3 of the neighborhoods of Darhan and Erdenet were randomly chosen to received treatment. Randomization was stratified an administrative unit larger than neighborhood (known as khoroo) and on pre-existing level of titling. In cases where the neighborhood had significantly larger or smaller number of untitled plots, the neighborhood units were either combined or divided to create comparably sized units for randomization.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Randomization done on Stata at the office.
Randomization Unit
Randomized unit is the neighborhood.
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
527 neighborhoods
Sample size: planned number of observations
8000
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
Roughly 282 treatment 245 control. Treatment and control units are not exact as some of the larger neighborhoods were subdivided.
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
Innovations for Poverty Action Institutional Review Board
IRB Approval Date
2011-12-30
IRB Approval Number
11Decemberr-003
Post-Trial
Post Trial Information
Study Withdrawal

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Intervention
Is the intervention completed?
No
Is data collection complete?
Data Publication
Data Publication
Is public data available?
No
Program Files
Program Files
Reports and Papers
Preliminary Reports
Relevant Papers