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Community-based Governance and Monitoring: A Randomized Field Experiment in Ethiopia
Last registered on October 16, 2020

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Community-based Governance and Monitoring: A Randomized Field Experiment in Ethiopia
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0006582
Initial registration date
October 15, 2020
Last updated
October 16, 2020 8:40 AM EDT
Location(s)
Region
Primary Investigator
Affiliation
University of Copenhagen
Other Primary Investigator(s)
Additional Trial Information
Status
Completed
Start date
2017-03-04
End date
2018-12-31
Secondary IDs
Abstract
The evidence on the effectiveness of participatory development approaches in low-income countries is ambiguous. We randomly vary three governance modalities (internal monitoring, external or top-down monitoring, and rewards for good leadership) to study elite capture in Ethiopian forest user groups. We compare the livelihood, leadership quality and environmental outcomes of these governance modalities with the control group (the current governance system).
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Kahsay, Goytom Abraha. 2020. "Community-based Governance and Monitoring: A Randomized Field Experiment in Ethiopia." AEA RCT Registry. October 16. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.6582-1.0.
Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
The interventions are the following:
(i) Internal monitoring in which forest user groups set up an internal monitoring committee which is responsible for monitoring their forest use and management. Group members decide on punishment of group leaders upon hearing and discussing the committee's report during the group's general assembly meeting.
(ii) External monitoring in which Oromia Forest and Wildlife Enterprise, a government office with a mandate of managing natural resources in Oromia regional state, monitors forest and use management of forest user groups. The office decides on punishment of group leaders accordingly.
(iii) Rewards for good leadership in which Oromia Forest and Wildlife Enterprise monitors forest and use management of forest user groups. The office decides on in-kind reward to top performing group leaders.
Intervention Start Date
2017-05-01
Intervention End Date
2018-09-30
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
(i) Welfare outcomes and their with-in group distribution: forest benefits, income, consumption, and Gini coefficient of these variables
(ii) Environmental outcomes: counts of potential crop trees and mature trees; number of charcoal burning sites, trees planted and regenerated
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
leadership quality: leader effort, education and business experience.

Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
132 forest user groups in Adaba and Dodola districts of Oromia regional state are randomly assigned to (i) control, (ii) internal monitoring, (iii) external or top-down monitoring, and (iv) rewards to good leadership. Oromia Forest and Wildlife Enterprise, the implementer of the interventions, asked the consent of all the 132 forest user groups.

We collected baseline data in March and April 2017, right before the interventions, and endline data in September-December 2018. Oromia Forest and Wildlife Enterprise conducted forest inventory in the period June 2019-January 2020. The inventory data is currently being cleaned and processed by the office.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization Method
Randomization done in office by a computer
Randomization Unit
Randomization at forest user group level
Was the treatment clustered?
Yes
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
132 forest user groups
Sample size: planned number of observations
1222 members
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
34 forest user groups (Control)
33 Forest user groups (internal monitoring)
33 forest user groups (External monitoring)
32 forest user groups (Leader incentives)
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number
Post-Trial
Post Trial Information
Study Withdrawal
Intervention
Is the intervention completed?
No
Is data collection complete?
Data Publication
Data Publication
Is public data available?
No
Program Files
Program Files
Reports, Papers & Other Materials
Relevant Paper(s)
REPORTS & OTHER MATERIALS