Evaluating multi-dimensional interventions to promote the economic and social integration of refugees into host communities in Southern Africa
Last registered on December 16, 2020

Pre-Trial

Trial Information
General Information
Title
Evaluating multi-dimensional interventions to promote the economic and social integration of refugees into host communities in Southern Africa
RCT ID
AEARCTR-0006902
Initial registration date
December 15, 2020
Last updated
December 16, 2020 8:16 AM EST
Location(s)

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Primary Investigator
Affiliation
LSE
Other Primary Investigator(s)
PI Affiliation
UNHCR
Additional Trial Information
Status
On going
Start date
2019-07-01
End date
2022-03-31
Secondary IDs
Abstract
UNHCR is in the process of implementing a graduation-type program in Northern Mozambique to promote the economic and social integration of both refugees and ultra-poor host community members into the local economy. The refugee camp was established in 2001 and hosts about 9,500 refugees and asylum seekers mainly from the DRC (63 per cent), Burundi (32 per cent), and other nationalities such as Rwanda (3 per cent) and Somalia (1 per cent). Also living in the surrounding camp area are 16,390 people from the host community, who directly rely on the camp for essential services that are provided by the government and UNHCR (eg: Health, Education and other Social Services).
The intervention includes assistance in the following areas: consumption support, core skills training, language training, financial literacy classes, market-oriented skills and vocational training, job support, asset transfer and coaching services to provide encouragement and improve self-esteem as well as personalize interventions to individual needs. The program segments participants into wage employment opportunities or into self-employment with integration into local value chains.
The impact evaluation aims not only to understand the standard impacts of the graduation program on labour, income, and food security of both refugees and ultra-poor hosts, but also to measure the impact of the program on social cohesion, trust and emotional health. It further examines how both economic and social integration may differ across graduation program beneficiaries engaged in self-employment versus wage employment, and across localities (rural vs urban jobs).
External Link(s)
Registration Citation
Citation
Beltramo, Theresa and Sandra Sequeira. 2020. "Evaluating multi-dimensional interventions to promote the economic and social integration of refugees into host communities in Southern Africa." AEA RCT Registry. December 16. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.6902-1.0.
Experimental Details
Interventions
Intervention(s)
The intervention randomizes assistance to a subset of refugees and ultra-poor host community members in the following areas: consumption support, core skills training, language training, financial literacy classes, market-oriented skills and vocational training, job support, asset transfer and coaching services to provide encouragement and improve self-esteem as well as personalize interventions to individual needs. The program segments participants into wage employment opportunities or into self-employment with integration into local value chains.
Intervention Start Date
2019-10-01
Intervention End Date
2021-12-31
Primary Outcomes
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Economic wellbeing and integration: income, labor market outcomes (job type, contract type, wages), food security (share of meals per day), physical and mental health outcomes, educational investments (children), consumption, farming output, assets, savings

Social integration: remittances to networks, number of friendships, social norms (corruption , civic duty, morals, etc), associative behavior (participation in cooperatives, voluntary activities for the community, etc), media consumption, trust, return intentions (for refugees)
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
● Land ownership
● For those in cooperatives or self-employment: business outcomes (productive assets, number of employees, physical capital)
● Expectations (about jobs, job search, wages, profits, scale of business)
● Knowledge of local politics
● Employer perceptions (subjective and objective evaluations of employee performance for those in wage employment, promotions, increased responsibilities, interaction with other workers, etc)
● Heterogeneity of primary and secondary effects by gender and age
● Impact on networks of refugees (remittances, intensity of communication, attracting more economic migrants to Mozambique)
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
Experimental Design
Experimental Design
Randomized Control Trial
Experimental Design Details
Not available
Randomization Method
Randomization done in office by a computer
Randomization Unit
Individual
Was the treatment clustered?
No
Experiment Characteristics
Sample size: planned number of clusters
There are no clusters
Sample size: planned number of observations
493 participants
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
Treatment group: 152, Control Group: 341
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
MDE: 0.17 (income)
IRB
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
IRB Name
Research Ethics Committee, London School of Economics
IRB Approval Date
2018-10-08
IRB Approval Number
N/A