Primary Outcomes (end points)
High-health-risk high return activities
∙ Pesticide use
∙ Fertilizer use
∙ Cattle growing
∙ Total income from risky activities (crops using pesticide, avocado, macademia, cattle) per month per capita
(Multiplying price of each crop or livestock by quantity sold at market, sold to broker, or consumed at home)
∙ Total income from less risky activities (other crops, other livestock, formal sector work)
∙ Total income per month per capita
∙ Hospitalizations in the last 2 years for any household member
∙ Hospital expenditures
∙ Work accidents in last month for any household member
∙ Any illness or disease in last month for any household member (malaria, typhoid, work / duties accident, other household accident, permanent disability, heart problems, fatigue, old age)
∙ Days of work lost due to these diseases
∙ Total savings
∙ In an informal group?
∙ savings within the group
∙ hospitality, i.e., the amount one gets if one is hospitalized, increases
∙ Have you ever left a group or separated from a group and formed a new one?
∙ On a scale of 1 to 5, 1 being completely unlikely and 5 being completely certain, how likely is it that your group will dismantle within the next 5 years?
∙ How reliable are the other members of your group for paying their group contributions? 01. Not at all reliable 02. A little reliable 03. Somewhat reliable 04. Significantly reliable 05. Always reliable
∙ Size of group
∙ How much authority does your group's chairperson/executive have over your group? 01. No [...] 02. Little [...] 03. Moderate [...] 04. Significant [...] 05. Very significant [...]
∙ How much trust do you have in your group members?01. No [...] 02. Little [...] 03. Moderate [...] 04. Significant [...] 05. Very significant [...]
∙ Say you are registered for NHIF. Then you fall sick and have to go to the hospital, but you are covered. Will your group still pay-out the same amount of "hospitality" regardless of your coverage?
Effects of interventions
∙ Do you trust NHIF? 1. Distrust completely, 2. Somewhat distrust, 3. Somewhat trust, 4. Trust completely
∙ Do you know about NHIF?
∙ How much do you think NHIF costs per year?
∙ How do you pay your medical bills? (3 main sources maximum)