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Women's ability to fight back, hopes & aspirations: Evidence from a Field Experiment in India
Initial registration date
March 07, 2021
March 08, 2021 10:26 AM EST
Department of Economic Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
Other Primary Investigator(s)
Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
Additional Trial Information
There occurs one rape every 14 minutes and one incident of cruelty by husband or his relatives every 5 minutes (NCRB, 2016). Alongside, the female labour force participation rate across India has declined from 30.28% in 1990 to 20.52% in 2019 (World Bank, 2020). Excessive dependence on family (for both physical and economic safety) and lack of knowledge about various laws that safeguard women could be a major reason for the reduction in the female labour force participation rate. In the current study, we plan to conduct awareness workshops with adolescent girls, wherein the various laws which protect women’s rights and self-defense techniques shall be discussed. We plan to see whether these workshops improve women’s knowledge about these laws, instill self-confidence among women and positively affect their future hopes and aspirations, in the form of taking better decisions regarding higher education, age at marriage, etc. We also plan to see whether these workshops have significant spillover effects on siblings and friends of the participants, particularly focusing on heterogeneous effects by age and gender of siblings and caste of friends.
Lalji, Chitwan, Debayan Pakrashi and Sarani Saha. 2021. "Women's ability to fight back, hopes & aspirations: Evidence from a Field Experiment in India." AEA RCT Registry. March 08.
The main objective of this study is to examine whether knowledge dissemination and self-defense workshops can improve awareness among adolescent girls, positively boost self-confidence and eventually affect their future hopes and aspirations in the form of taking better decisions regarding higher education, age at marriage, etc. We also plan to see whether these workshops have spillover effects on siblings and friends. We are also interested to see whether there exists heterogeneous effects across age and gender of siblings and caste of friends.
Intervention Start Date
Intervention End Date
Primary Outcomes (end points)
Respondents' knowledge about the various laws that protect women and their rights, perception of safety and security, confidence to fight back, future hopes and aspirations (overall) and in the form of motivation to graduate and work in the future, expected age of first marriage, etc.
Primary Outcomes (explanation)
Secondary Outcomes (end points)
Overall wellbeing of the student captured in terms of life satisfaction and mental health, spillover effects on siblings (residing in the same household) and their best (female) friends (outside the house).
Secondary Outcomes (explanation)
The objective is to examine whether an awareness drive and a self-defense training has any effect on awareness, confidence to fight back, and on future hopes and aspirations captured in the form of motivation to graduate and work, age at first marriage, etc. To this end, we compare the endline outcomes of the adolescent girls from the treatment group, who receive the training and the awareness campaigns with those from the control group, which receives nothing. Spillover effects on siblings and friends, specifically whether there exists heterogeneous effects due to age and gender of siblings and caste of friends shall also be investigated.
Experimental Design Details
Randomization shall be done in office by a computer
Randomization shall be done at the village level.
Was the treatment clustered?
Sample size: planned number of clusters
Students enrolled in 45 different schools and residing in 20 villages in Patna, Bihar will be assigned to the 2 treatments and the control group.
Sample size: planned number of observations
690 students (direct beneficiaries), 504 students (best friends of the participants) and 200 siblings of the students selected for the project. The friends and siblings were only part of the spillover survey.
Sample size (or number of clusters) by treatment arms
202 students from control group, 243 students in the Only Awareness group (Treatment I) and 245 students from Awareness & Training (Treatment 2).
Minimum detectable effect size for main outcomes (accounting for sample design and clustering)
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS (IRBs)
Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC), Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
IRB Approval Date
IRB Approval Number